Chem 125 - 1 - Chapters 1-4

Chem 125 - 1 - Chapters 1-4 - Reading and Homework Date...

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Reading and Homework Date Reading Homework 9/27 pp 1-44 Read!!! 9/28 pp 50-68 Read!!! 9/29 pp 68-77, 87-104 Read!!! 10/2 pp 105-121 Read!!! 10/4 pp 510-526 Chap 12 (21-29 odd problems only) First on-line HW set due 8:00 AM on Friday, Oct. 6th. The chemistry club is hosting its annual information meeting this Friday (October 6th) at 2 pm in the chem. library. Come meet the council, learn about upcoming events and have some pizza. There are leadership opportunities available, and many ways to get involved. Everyone is welcome.
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Course Information Dr. Bussell Office: CB 445 Tel: 650-3145 mark.bussell@wwu.edu Syllabus – please read it carefully! Safety quiz – First on-line quiz window started this morning. Course website – check it frequently for updates.
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On-Line Homework Go to: http://argon.chem.wwu.edu/mbussellhw/less
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Why are you taking this course? I am going to give you a reason….
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USA: The Material Society “The conventional pattern of materials use has been to extract natural resources such as fossil fuels or minerals, refine them, modify them further through manufacturing and then distribute them for use. Eventually, when the product reaches the end of its useful life, it is discarded, usually to a landfill or an incinerator.” Ref: Geiser, K., Materials Matter: Toward a Sustainable Materials Policy , MIT Press, 2001, pp. 317. Extract Refine Manufacture Use Discard
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USA: The Material Society “This linear flow of materials is unsustainable because it leads to steady consumption of resources, steady degradation of the quality of those resources and steady dissipation of used materials into the environment. Current efforts to recycle materials slow the rate of linear materials flow, but for recycling to be most effective, materials must be designed for it.” Ref: Geiser, K., Materials Matter: Toward a Sustainable Materials Policy , MIT Press, 2001, pp. 317.
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A Sustainable Materials Society Detoxification of materials used in products and industrial processes. Dematerialization – the development of ways to use less material to satisfy the same human needs.
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Fossil Fuels The combustion of fossil fuels results in huge emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases into the atmosphere. Fossil Fuels Combustion Carbon dioxide Water Other gases
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Fossil Fuel Usage in the U.S. American drivers consume 43% of the world’s gasoline yet we comprise only 4% of the world’s population.
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Fossil Fuels Oil Organism-derived (plankton, dinosaurs, etc.), “cooked” at 50-175 ° C under pressure, H/C ~ 2. Coal Plant-derived, “cooked” under pressure, H/C ~1. Natural Gas Organism-derived, “cooked” at 175-260 ° C under pressure, ~90 vol% CH 4 , H/C ~ 4.
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Where is the Oil? Oil supply and oil demand are not “co-located”. For the major oil consumers – the U.S., Europe, Japan, and China – oil demand can only be met by oil imports.
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course CHEM 125 taught by Professor Bussell during the Fall '06 term at Western Washington.

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Chem 125 - 1 - Chapters 1-4 - Reading and Homework Date...

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