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Unformatted text preview: c ) = P(A does not occur) Called the complement of A P(A|B) = P(A occurs given that B has already occurred) Called a conditional probability 1 N i i x N = = 1 n i i x x n = = 2 2 1 ( ) 1 n i i x x s n =-=- Complement Rule P(A) + P(A c ) = 1 P(A) = 1 P(A c ) Addition Rule: P(A B) = P(A) + P(B) P(A B) If A and B are mutually exclusive, then P(A B) = 0. So P(A B) = P(A) + P(B) for two mutually exclusive events. Conditional Probability: Multiplication Rule: P(A B) = P(A)*P(B|A) = P(B)*P(A|B) If A and B are independent events, then P(A B) = P(A)*P(B)...
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