Imagine if the world could agree on one document. Imagine if the world could come
together to meet common goals.
The Millennium Declaration is such a document.
In 2000, all
members of the United Nations signed the Millennium Declaration.
Finally, came a document
the whole world agreed upon.
The Millennium Declaration is monumental because it affirms that nations have a,
“Collective responsibility to uphold the principles of human dignity, equality, and equity at the
global level” (United, 55/2 United
The nations also agreed to the fundamental values
including freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance, respect for nature and shared responsibility
Out of the Millennium Declaration and its fundamental values grew
the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
The MDGs are a set of eight goals which, in accordance with the Millennium
Declaration, all nations have agreed to beet by 2015.
These goals are to eradicate extreme
poverty and hunger, achieve universal primary education, promote gender equality and empower
women, reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other
diseases, ensure environmental sustainability, and to develop a global partnership for
development (Global 1).
The beauty of the goals is that they are all interconnected.
No goal can
be achieved without progress on another.
Studies have shown an increase in level of education
leads to a decrease in HIV/AIDS infections.
Child mortality cannot be reduced without
elimination of hunger and malnutrition which leads their bodies to be more susceptible to disease
and thus death.
The role of developed and non-developed countries differs.
Developed nations are meant
to achieve goal eight, developing a global partnership for development (“Eveline” NP).
Developing nations are supposed to focus on the first seven goals.