Harry S. Truman-
As president, Truman faced challenge after challenge in domestic affairs: a tumultuous
reconversion of the
marked by severe shortages, numerous strikes, and the passage of the
. After confounding all predictions to win re-election in
, he was able to pass only one of the
proposals in his
program. with the end of
World War II
(including his decision to use nuclear weapons
), the founding of the
communism, the beginning of the
, the creation of
, and the
GI Bill- provided for college or vocational education for returning
World War II
(commonly referred to as
or G.I.s) as well as one year of unemployment compensation. It also provided loans for returning veterans to
buy homes and start businesses.
Harry S. Truman
's policy of social improvement, outlined in his 1949
State of the Union Address
. Truman stated that "Every segment of our population, and every individual, has a right
to expect from his government a fair deal.
House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)- 5) was an investigative
United States House
. In 1969, the House changed the committee's name to the
House Committee on Internal
. When the House abolished the committee in 1975, its functions were transferred to the
. Direct result of mcarthyism.
George Kennan- father of
" and as a key figure in the emergence of the
. He later wrote
standard histories of the relations between
powers.In the late 1940s, his writings inspired the
U.S. foreign policy
of "containing" the
, thrusting him into a lifelong role as a
leading authority on the Cold War. His "
Containment- refers to the
in the early years of the
. Its policy
was to stop what it called the
of nations moving politically towards
Jackie Robinson- became the first
player of the modern era in
Taft-Hartley Act of 1949- greatly restricts the activities and power of
, still largely in effect,
was sponsored by Senator
Fred A. Hartley, Jr.
and passed over U.S. President
on June 23, 1947, establishing the act as a law. Labor leaders called it the "slave-labor bill"
Truman argued that it would "conflict with important principles of our democratic society"
NSC-68- the function of the Council has been to advise and assist the President on national security and foreign
policies. The Council also serves as the President's principal arm for coordinating these policies among various