Soc 134-Test 4-Study Guide - Soc 134 Exam 4 Outline Chapter 9 Associations The Ordeal of Integration and the Rise of Ethnic Nationalism racial

Soc 134-Test 4-Study Guide - Soc 134 Exam 4 Outline Chapter...

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Soc 134 Exam 4 Outline Chapter 9: Associations The Ordeal of Integration and the Rise of Ethnic Nationalism racial segregation rose as one of American society’s central organizing principles-> “Jim Crow Jungle” The Segregated Community between 1861 and 1865 men and women formed organizations dedicated to the wartime effort between 1895 and 1899, 40 new national organizations and 20 new groups based on white ethnics 1865 KKK founded reaction was rise of nonwhite (to promote racial and ethnic conflict) and women’s organizations - Commission on Interracial Coalition (integration in membership and leadership) - Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA)-> interracial charter in 1946-> “Eliminating Racism; Empowering Women” Away from Integration: The Case for Ethnic Nationalism ethnic nationalism: racial segregation and complete independence from whites Marcus Garvey, a Jamaican Immigrant and masterful orator, first black nationalist - founded United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) all black association that placed women in positions of leadership - thought blacks should think africa first and america second (“Africa for Africans, home and Abroad”) thought they were better than whites - secret meeting with Edward Clarke the Imperial Wizard of the KKK led to a “Garvey Must Go Campaign” convicted of mail fraud in 1925 deported to Jamaica ethnic chauvinism: excessive loyalty toward and belief in the superiority of a racial or ethnic group Malcolm X born in 1925 life of drug and crime, convicted of burglary imprisoned between 1946 & 1952 converted to Nation of Islam led by Elijah Muhammed - led powerful resurgence of black nationalism promoted race pride, isolation and self-discipline mostly by men - condemned nonviolent protest as weak and ineffective, violence could play an important role in bringing freedom to African Americans - sacred pilgrimage to Mecca, promise of multiracial unity and harmony made him rethink his promotion of ethnic chauvinism, softened stance but shot in 1965
- succeeded in striking a tremendous blow to the symbolic violence inflicted by racial domination upon the psyches of black people Racial Variation in Civic Participation poor do not participate in community organizations as much as the affluent and nonwhites are disproportionately wracked by poverty so racial variation in associational life occurs once economic differences addressed, latinos, blacks and whites all participate in voluntary associations equally asians participate significantly lower than whites - Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association & Chinese American Planning Council oversee English language classes, career training and cultural events that help immigrants integrate to American life homophily: “love of the same” practice of association with people like you, creates strong divides in our personal environments boundary work: refers to the multiple ways people create, uphold and traverse social boundaries that separate familiar from unfamiliar, “us” from “them” - sociologist Frederick Barth-> racial and ethnic groups

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