Soc 134-Notes-Chapter 9 - Chapter 9 Associations I II A...

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Chapter 9- Associations I.A Country of Joiners “a rich vegetation of associations and organizations for worth while causesis an American characteristic”Americans are great joiners and they enjoy campaigns and drives for membership or contributionsWhen an American sees something that they think is wrong they believe that there should be a law against it but also an organization to combat it1944: Gunnar Mydral called associations the “salt of American politics”associations are the stuff of democracy Alexander de Tocqueville-Associational life helped to cultivate in Americans a spirit of civic virtue and responsibility Importance of associations to healthy democracy cannot be overstated oAmerican government requires that its citizens connect with one another - They work and struggle and deliberate together oThey are the lifeblood of civil society and the very embodiment of communityAmerican citizenship is predicated on the community bonds its people forge with one another but those bonds have changed over timeAssociations can exclude people from full citizenship, just as they can force the democratic state to include themRacial domination affects associational lifeSocial clubs, religious organizations, voluntary associations, and even virtual onesThree kinds of organizations that are extremely important to the career of racial domination today:oHate groups, internet-based associations and religious communitiesII.The Ordeal of Integration After the fall of slavery, African Americans and other nonwhite citizens began to riseoSome worked their way out of poverty oOthers reunited with family membersoSome made inroads into political life Americas racial order was changing at dizzying speedsWith the union intact and slavery abolished, racial segregation arose as one of American societies central organizing principlesoWhites created the culture of segregation to counter black success-with fear, violent reprisals, and state legislationoReconfigured the geography of the nation’s neighborhoods and it came to dominate all areas of lifeoTransformed America into a “Jim Crow Jungle”
oAssociational life did not escape the tide of segregation-there were signs everywhere even if they didn’t have words on them (big white churches and small shacks for blacks)a. The Segregated Community After the Civil War America was wounded especially in the SouthIts national community needed to be resurrected and patched back togetherand this resulted in a rise of many associationsBetween 1861 and 1865, men and women formed organizations dedicated to the war time effort and those committed to community service continued to spread long after the waroThe white chapters of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows double their numbers of lodges between 1865 and 1895oIn 1865 black northern chapters had only 5 lodges/100,000 people in 1895 they had over 30 lodges/100,000 people (a huge increase)New associations continued to formo

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