Test Review - Political culture what is it- the...

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Political culture what is it- the characteristic and deep-seated beliefs of a particular people about government and politics. Core values- • Individual is the cornerstone of society. Government exists to serve the people. Rights are not assigned to some, we all enjoy rights. Bit of a conflict: History has told stories of those who were denied basic rights Power of ideals- serve to define the boundaries of action. Don’t determine what people do but affect what people will regard as reasonable and desirable. Individualism important American Ideal. Believe success is within reach of all. Welfare: Support opportunity not necessarily welfare Limits of Ideals- ideals do not match reality because they are general principles not fixed rules of conduct. Slavery, immigration. Politics what is it-the process which a society makes governing decisions. Political conflict-two pimary sources : scarcity and difference in values. Scarcity- conflict over distribution of resources. Difference in values- people see issues differently as a result of differences in their beliefs, experiences and interests. Social contract theory- voluntary agreement by individuals to form government, which is then obliged to act within the confines of the agreement. Ex: give up some freedom for benefits. Types of government- Monarch: One person possesses absolute authority over government. Dictator: Sole ruler, but often arrives at power through violent overthrow of government. Oligarchy: Government by a few. How are decisions reached- Totalitarian regime: No limits on leaders’ powers or actions. Generally control every aspect of society. Authoritarian regime: Government policies are kept in check by informal limits. Leaders face limits, but there are no formal or legal restrictions Constitutionalism- practice that government be limited by a constitution , usually written. Theories of Power- Majoritarianism=majority determines public policy. Pluralism=government ruled by groups (i.e. farmers, welfare advocates, lawyers,etc.), not necessarily for the public benefit Elitism=a well-positioned few manipulate the political process Bureaucracy=power of high level administrators (e.g. HHS, Treasury, Justice Depts.) policy decisions Economic systems- Communism: Everyone shares in the production and distribution of goods. Socialism: The government owns and controls most factories and much or all of the nation’s land Capitalism: Individuals own the means of production and the distribution of goods. American Political System-Five overriding tendencies: Enduring cultural ideals, Fragmentation of governance based on checks and balances, Competition between diverse groups, Emphasis on individual rights and responsibilities, Economic + political decision making separate economic issues out of political control Pluralism- holds that political power in society does not lie with the electorate , nor with a small concentrated
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course POLS 1301 taught by Professor Rugeley during the Spring '08 term at Texas Tech.

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Test Review - Political culture what is it- the...

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