Communication 1061

Communication 1061 - Communication 1061 Communication a...

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Communication 1061 January 20 2006 Communication: a conscious or unconscious, intentional or unintentional process in which feelings and ideas are expressed as verbal and nonverbal messages that are sent, received, or comprehended Levels of Communication - Intrapersonal: Communication with yourself - Interpersonal: Communication that takes place between two or more person who establish a communicative relationship - examples: face to face or mediated conversations, interviews, and small group discussions - Small Group Discussions: Three or more people - Public: characterized by a speaker’s sending a message to an audience Characteristics of Communication 1. dynamic – it changes constantly 2. continuous- it never stops 3. irreversible- you can’t undo it 4. interactive- involves other people 5. contextual- place makes a difference Components of Human Communication - when we communicate, we encode (take ideas and put them into message form), send the ideas through a channel composed of our primary signal system ( the senses: seeing, hearing, tasting, smelling, and touching) to someone who receives them using his or her primary system, and decode (translate) the message. ( See page 7 in text, figure 1.1) Frame of Reference: perceptual filters - culture/background, communication skills, physical and emotional, experiences, attitudes- negative and positive, expectations Feedback- response to communicating - lets you know if the person understood the message Channel: how you communicate Example: letters, emails, gestures Noise: internal or external interference in the communication process Causes of Noise - Environmental Noise: outside interference that prevents the receiver from gaining the message - Physiological Noise: a physical impairment such as ear damage/ hearing problem - Semantic Noise: Word meanings- Barney’s (the dinosaur or the store?)
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- Syntactical/ Tactical Noise- how you put your words together - Organizational Noise- source fails to realize that certain ideas are best grasped when presented in a structured manner - Cultural Noise- results from reconceived, unyielding attitudes derived from a group or society about how members of that culture should act or in what they should or shouldn’t believe - Psychological Noise: stress, frustration, or irritation Context : who is present, where the communication is taking place, and the general attitude of those assembled. Where the message is given to you Communicating System: the basis of the system is based on participants, the settings, the purpose, and how they interact 3 Models of Communication 1. Linear Model: delivered by a channel and is received by a receiver who decodes it. There is a presence of noise ( see page 17 figure 1.5) 2. Interactional Model : a source encodes and sends a message to a receiver (through one or more of the sensory channels). The receiver receives and decodes the message but then encodes feedback and sends it back to the source, thus making it two-directional 3. Transactional Model:
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course MUS 1751 taught by Professor Harris during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Communication 1061 - Communication 1061 Communication a...

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