AZTEC CULTURE I. LIVED A. Tenochtitla'n B. Aztec meant (heron people) C.
fertile basin about 50 miles long and as wide surrounded by
mountain ranges and containing an abundant water supply and several
volcanoes D. 8000 ft. above sea level, days are mild but nights are cold
during much of the year E. Their name is derived from a mythical homeland
to the north called Azatlan II. LANGUAGE A. Nahuatl this language
belongs to the same linguistic family as Shoshonean, a tongue will
represented among Indians of the United States. III. AZTEC LIFE A. Principal
crops 1. maize, 2. beans 3. squash 4. tomatoes 5. cotton 6. spiny-leave
maguey 7. agave 8. chilies b. the last two crops the spiny-leave maguey
and agave were used as cord, sacks and sandals and a substitute for
cotton in clothing c. the fermented juice of the maguey called "pulque" was
the Aztec ceremonial drink. customarily, only old men were allowed to
drink pulque freely d. drunkenness among young men, except at certain
religious feasts, was a serious offense and might even be punished by
death E. Floating gardens were an unusual feature of Aztec agriculture. 1.
digging ditches around squares or rectangle in the marshes 2. pile up mud
on the area which the ditches enclosed 3. the mud were held in position
by front coverings of cane and branches of trees 4. This type of
agriculture can still be seen today at Xochimilco, a few miles south of Mexico
IV. LAND A. clan like groups B. tribe was divided C. each family were
allotted sufficient land for its maintenance, if no one else were alive to
take care of the land then the land were reverted back to the group. D.
other lands were worked in common for the support of the nobility and for
the religious need of the community E. urban communities, land ownership
was communal, each local group, called a (capulli) was composed of a
few families that jointly owned a piece of land. Part of the yield of
cultivated land was given to the state as a kind of tax I. farmers A. general
workers charge with 1. preparing the soil 2. breaking up clods 3. hoeing
(with the coa digging sticks) 4. leveling 5. setting boundary markers 6.
planting 7. irrigating 8. winnowing, and storing grain B. horticulturists
1. knowledge of the planting of trees and transplanting 2. crop sequences 3.
rotations 4. supervisory role, for they were expected to read the
tonalamatl almanacs to determine the best time for planting and harvesting V.
ANIMALS A. Domestic 1. turkeys 2. ducks 3. dogs which were raised as food
and considered a great delicacy 4. special treats may have
included boiled grasshoppers, cactus worms, locusts and insect eggs B.
wild animals eaten 1. rabbit 2. deer 3. gopher 4. 40 species of water birds
were edible 5. Iguanas, snakes, turtles, salamanders, insects eggs and
larvae, many species of frogs, grasshoppers, ants and worms 6. Corixid
water beetles an abundant protein source, were netted from the lake,
mashed together in balls, wrapped in corn husks, and boiled. 7. tadpoles