February 11, 2014 (not on midterm) · Stage 1: Legislation and Coerced Emigration (January 1933- September 1939) · Stage 2: Ghettoization (1939-1941) June 1941-invatsion of Soviet Union · Stage 3: Annihilation (1941-1945) · in stage 1, the Nazis did not start the war yet · only includes Germany but in 1938 it includes Austria too · all that is in writing pretty much is the 25 point plan which tells us something about their vision of society · how do you make the transition between campaigning for political office and actually governing · the nazis did not know how they were going to govern · Hitler decides that he needs to go after his primary enemies in Germany · first thing that the Nazis tried to do is deal with the communists that is why they were given power in the first place · biggest/real/actual enemies were the communists · Nazis go after them very quickly and brutalize them and arrest them · very early on the Nazis pass a law in Feb the Reidstag (German parliament building) is set on fire and the Nazis make an argument that the gov is threatened and that someone is trying to overthrow the gov · the fire was most likely set by the Nazis themselves (staged) · gives the Nazis the pretext to say that the gov is under threat · pass the Enabling Act in February (within a month of the Nazi’s assumption of office)- gives Hitler power to crush his enemies, destroy their press, arrest as many communists as they can · two months into the regime they established the first official concentration camp at a place called Dachau in March 1933 was not established for Jews · Dachau established to enforce the goals of the regime- make sure that no one overthrows the gov and consolidates Nazi power this is where they would dump the communists or anyone accused of being a political enemy · not yet a regime that has incredible power at this time · this act makes it clear that this regime will be ruthless in pursuing its enemies · purpose of Dachau is to get enemies off the streets and to make a public announcement: this is what will happen to people who resist the regime (public announcement) · when the people from the camps were released, their communities saw them and saw how they have been destroyed and tortured
· most important thing for nazis: consolidating power (and quelling opposition) · communists were the only other people in Germany who were organized and had capacity of strategic thinking so if there was anyone who would resist the Nazis, it would be the communists · many communists simply fled and went into hiding or they were rounded up and put into camps · How did Jews respond? · people were wondering if they were going to implement everything they have said they will do · some jews fled the country · in 1933 37,000-50,000 Jews left · those who were able to flee had mobility and political sensibility · another response was to return to Judaism and building the community after they saw how Nazis were trying to take it away · strong sense of disillusionment and unsettlement
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