history 124 lecture 1

history 124 lecture 1 - -Clarendon Code Act of...

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1/28/08 -Clarendon Code - Act of Uniformity (1662) - Corporation Act (1661) - Conventicle Act (1664) - Five Mile Act (1665) - Catholic priests and ministers cannot go within 5 miles of original teachings - King Charles II - Disliked Clarendon Code - Catholicism/ skepticism - Nonbeliever? - “God will not damn a man for taking a little unregular pleasure by the women” - Did not spend time persecuting religious dissidents - Toleration - Raise the crown above the Anglicans - Declaration of Indulgence (1662, 1672) - Turned down by parliament - No separation from church and state - Allows Charles 2 to pardon basically whomever he wants from Clarendon Code - Political atmosphere - Nonconformists were politically dangerous - Cavalier parliament wanted to protect against further uprisings - 1670s - Very few Roman Catholics remain <5% - Catholics were in very high places - Queen Catherine of Barganza- Catholic - Advisors- Catholic - Mistresses- Catholic - James Duke of York- Catholic (heir apparent) - Foreign policy determined by Catholic advisors - Treaty of Dover (1670) - Louis (catholic) + Charles - Undisclosed terms - Camouflage treaty- France and England vs Dutch territories - Real treaty- Louis- relieve Charles of financial dependence on parliament - Louis- 6,000 French troops to return Catholicism to England - Charles- 2 nd Declaration of Indulgence- nullify Clarendon Code - Charles- Proclaim his own Catholicism - Charles was trying to establish his own tyranny - Roman Catholicism - Toleration for non-Catholics - Never told anyone - Very smart politically- lazy - James- hard working- stupid
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- Charles sort of tries to fulfill his promises - War with Dutch - Parliament forces Charles to withdraw - 2 nd Declaration of Indulgence (1672) - Again parliament forces Charles to withdraw - Charles signs Test Act (1673) - No sincere Catholic could accept the terms - Every office holder must take an oath or leave office - Aimed at James (head of Navy) - James forced to resign - On the books until 1828 - Charles continues to receive subsidies until 1678 - English public still dislikes France and Roman Catholicism - Popish plot (1678-81) - Mass political hysteria (McCarthyism) - Titus Oates - 1678- declared that the Queen intended to poison the King - With the intention of leading a Catholic insurrection - Parliament and British public immediately accept the hysteria - Coleman Letters - Series of letters by Edward Coleman- Catholic convert - Close to James - Discussed, in code, with Catholics abroad a design to restore Catholicism in England - “We have here a mighty work on our hands, no less than the conversion of three kingdoms to Catholicism…” - Murder of Edmund Godfrey - Protestant - Best-known, most popular magistrate in London - Titus Oates blames Jesuits for murder - Queen is declared traitor - 5 Aristocrats arrested - Consequences - Attempt to exclude James from government and from the thrown - Rise of exclusion crisis (1679-81) - House of commons - Whigs and Tories (opposing political parties) - Whig- Scottish horse thief
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history 124 lecture 1 - -Clarendon Code Act of...

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