Example Essays - Essay 1A Throughout the course of the semester as we ranged from 1648 through 1989 we have discussed the ways in which a desire for

Example Essays - Essay 1A Throughout the course of the...

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Essay 1A: Throughout the course of the semester, as we ranged from 1648 through 1989, we have discussed the ways in which a desire for order has led Europeans to embrace social contracts with a variety of states. If the desire for order has been so powerful, how do you explain the series of revolutions, wars, and moments of incredible disorder that have punctuated this history? Drawing on three revolutionary moments, explain what caused those social contracts to fail and why disorder continues to intervene in European history. Although the goal of revolutions throughout history has been to change life for the people for the better, has more often than not been the opposite outcome. There was a desire for order throughout history, but the revolutions certainly help because they were destined to fail. The French, Russian, and Youth revolutions did not seem to have any sort of organization making it impossible to accomplish the goals. The French Revolution took place during King Louis XVI’s time of power, because the people were unhappy with the economic conditions. Hobbes came up with the idea of a social contract between rulers and ruled, which is when citizens give up rights to govern selves in exchange for peace and defense. Hobbes believed in the idea of having an absolutist ruler and this did not set well with the other leading theorists. He also was starting to use science rather than religion which was in opposition to what the people wanted because it was a big change. Locke had similar ideas to Hobbes, but he liked the idea of common wealth and he had an optimistic view of nature unlike Hobbes. He used the social contract to provide a foundation of constitutionalism. The social contract had failed during this time because Louis XVI was in power of France and he ran a monarchy which is basically absolutism. People wanted more say in the government decisions than he had allowed. He held a very tight power and did not like the idea of common wealth, creating an uproar of the citizens, later the National Assembly was formed which was made up of mostly pheasants, clergy and nobles. This brought more violence and problems than they had hoped, killing many. The Bolsheviks overthrew the weakened provisional government in November 1917, an event known as the Bolshevik Revolution. The goal of the Bolshevik Revolution was to gain rights for women and workers, and to also end World War 1. The Bolsheviks supported women’s rights which was led by Vladimir Lenin who brought socialism in contact through his small group of Bolsheviks. Lenin ran an authoritarian government which made people give up their rights. The government was in complete rule so it created many problems against people because they had to give up so much, and it created an unhappy and unhealthy living environment. Many people were unable to feed their families because the government has seized food in order to feed their army, this concept was known as war communism.
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