Unformatted text preview: The Industrial Revolution ○ Technology ○ Chronology ○ Economic Growth ● Sustained Population Growth Birth Rates? Birth Control? Abortion Infanticide Contraception Abstinence Age of Marriage Death Rates? Medical Care Nutrition Disease (epidemics) War `Agricultural Output New Crops Potato New Techniques? More Land in Cultivation Intense Exploitation of Labor Death Rate? Infants? Age of Marriage? Thomas Malthus Essay on Population 1798 Food Supply....arithmetic growth 1, 2, 3, 4..... Population....geometric growth 2, 4, 16, 256..... THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Great Britain England & Wales + Scotland 1707 Manufacturing Sector Hand Work by Small Scale Producers (artisans) Application of Inanimate Power (coal/steam) Textiles Spinning 1780s Spinster Bottleneck Spinning Jenny link James Watt link "Old Bess" 1778 link link Power Spinning/Factories INDUSTRIAL AREAS Industrial Villages Industrial Cities Urban Society Environmental Costs Air Water New Elites Ownership of wealth (factories) "Selfmade Men" Working People (Working Class) Wage Earners: free labor (more or less) Family Labor Women & Children in Factories Pattern of Work St. Monday Clock Time Work Discipline Division of Labor Relationship to Superiors Deference Resistance Unions Strikes Technology (more bottlenecks) Growth in hand production Weaving. 1820s The Power Loom Globalization Growth in agriculture Steam Processing The Cotton Gin...1790s Slavery in the American South The Spread of Industrialization Steam Transportation Steamship Questions for Review: What were the primary forms of family limitation in eighteenth century Europe? What were some possible reasons for changes in the birth rate, or the death rate? Why was agricultural output growing in the eighteenth century? Why did the first major technological breakthrough of the industrial revolution occur in the spinning industry? What were the most important changes in the character of work in industrial districts? ...
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- Spring '13
- Industrial Revolution, medical care, James Watt, Old Bess
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