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rome alexander and hellenism

rome alexander and hellenism - Rome Alexander and Hellenism...

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Rome, Alexander, and Hellenism Hellenistic World 336-31 B.C. 1. Alexander the Great of Macedonia's conquests (356-23 B.C.) 2. Struggle for Succession after Death 3. Stability after 280 B.C. Ptolemies in Egypt, Seleucids in Asia, small powers - balance of power 4. Hellenism (Extension of Greek culture to non-Greek peoples) & urbanism pervasive in E. Med. 5. Greek universal language of trade, culture; "cultural imperialism"; city/country split 6. Stoicism - Zeno, 300 B.C.; Romanized by Panaetius, 130 B.C. a. Logos a divine force; Natural Law derives from it b. Humans have shared spiritual kinship, divine spark in soul; all humans have value, must treat each other well. Human brotherhood. Cicero agreed. c. "Stoic Apathy" - like Plato, Stoics believed that externals in life (health, wealth, power, reputation, etc.) don't matter. Cicero's critique d. Goal of life is performance of one's duty to others; Roman Stoics thought best way to help others was thru politics. Cicero agreed.
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