History of Thucydides 1. Life: ~460-399 B.C. a. Wealthy, noble family; great grandfather general at Marathon, grandfathers opposed Pericles but Thucydides admired him b. Well educated - Sophists. c. d. Political Failure - Exiled from Athens by Cleon for loss of Amphipolis 424 B.C. e. Bystander yet eyewitness as Athens lost war, end of Golden Age f. Spent entire exile writing History. Why? 2. History a. What it isn't - recitation of names dates and facts b. What it is - attempt to explain why events occur, interpretation c. Based on the assumption that human nature is constant d. If so, people behave in similar ways in similar circumstances e. This only works if historians "get their facts straight" 3. Sophists, Skepticism, Humanism, Relativism, and Rationalism a. Intellectual Revolution among elite after 450 B.C. b. Sophists - first paid teachers of higher education, rhetoric - how to get ahead in society c. Relativism - no absolute knowledge, beings, or values."Different strokes for different folks." "When in
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