early greek civilization

early greek civilization - 2 Thespis Father of Drama ~530...

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Early Greek Civilization 1. 2. Collapse of Civilization - Dark Ages 3. The Greek Renaissance 850-600 B.C. a. Population Growth b. Emergence of Polis (City State) c. Growth of Trade d. Colonization - Sicily, S. Italy, Turkey, Riviera, Black Sea, Libya, Spain - State as a human creation e. Alphabet f. Mental Liberation g. Homer - Arete - heroic individualism, excellence g. Law Codes h. Hoplite Reform i. Constitutional Government - Sparta - 670 B.C. j. Birth of Democracy in Athens 509 B.C. 4. The Persian Wars a. Rise of Persia 550-520 B.C. - Conquest of Ionia b. Spartan Opposition to Persia c. Ionian Greek Revolt 499-494 B.C. - Athenian help d. Persian Counteroffensive - Darius' Oath
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e. 492 First attack stalled in Thrace f. Campaign of Marathon - 490 B.C. g. Significance of Greek Victory h. Campaign of 480 B.C. - Salamis & Plataea 5. Delian League - Greek Counteroffensive a. Constitution - Success - Athenian Empire 1. Dionysus Worship - God of Wine, Sex, Madness, Wildness
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Unformatted text preview: 2. Thespis - Father of Drama ~530 B.C. 3. Split of Tragedy & Comedy 4. Old Comedy - buffoonish side, satyrs, crude, fantastic a. Aristophanes 445-386 only surviving author - very political 5. New Comedy - tamed, polite, Cosby Show , not Animal House a. Menander, 325-290 B.C. Influenced Roman Comedy, Shakespeare 6. Tragedy - "Dark Side" of Dionysus a. Aeschylus 527-457 earliest surviving author. Hubris/nemesis. Almost incomprehensible at points, but also powerful poetry.Oresteia b. Sophocles 496-406 B.C. - chosen as exemplar of traditional Greek beliefs before the "Intellectual Revolution" of 5 th Cent. Noble family, devout, exponent of "the Golden Mean". Defended traditional religion against humanistic, rationalistic attacks. c. Euripides 480-406 B.C. rationalist, skeptical of conventional religion, stressed power of human emotions, challenged Greek conventions and Athenian complacency – Medea , Trojan Women , Bacchae...
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early greek civilization - 2 Thespis Father of Drama ~530...

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