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Lecture 10: The Net Model of Media FreedomPosted on December 6, 2012by RichardNet Model of Media Freedom videoNet = media freedom for everyone.Article 19 of 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights = anti­fascist synthesis of liberal and socialist models ofmedia freedom: formal right of all individuals ­> substantive right of whole society.Pierre Teilhard de Chardin’s 1922 liberation theology: building heaven on earth = geosphere ­> biosphere ­>noosphere.Vannevar Bush’s 1945 New Deal modernism: Memex technology = mass production of information v.fragmentation of knowledge and enforced scarcity.Aksel Berg: 1917­1937 Left Bolshevik engineer ­> 1937­40 Gulag prisoner ­> 1953­7 USSR Deputy DefenceMinister: bureaucratic Stalinism ­> proletarian democracy = industrial socialism ­> cybernetic communism.1964 American Cybernetics Society: USA v. USSR ‘cybernetics gap’ ­> 1968 JCR Licklider’s ‘Galactic Network’ ­>1969 ARPANET.Cold War McLuhanism: USA = prefiguring imaginary future of the information society in present.Pierre Teilhard de Chardin,The Phenomenon of Man.Vannevar Bush,As We May Think.Radovan Richta,Civilisation at the Crossroads.1950s­2010s evolution of Net: military scientists­> academics ­> hobbyists ­> civil servants ­> small businesses ­>corporations ­> everyone.Cold War American and Russian computer networks = command and control systems for fighting nuclear war.IBM = military­industrial complex of US computing: 1955 SAGE ­> 1964 SABRE.1962 Paul Baran of USAF’s RAND:On Distributed Communications= hierarchical centralised phone system ­>horizontal decentralised Net.1967 packet­switching ­> 1969 ARPANET in USA ­> 1973 Britain and Norway on Net ­> 1973 CommunityMemory at Berkeley ­> 1974 Ted Nelson’sComputer Lib­> 1979 Usenet ­> 1979 MUDs at Essex University ­>1982 TCP/IP ­> 1983 domain names ­> 1983 Xanadu Project ­> 1984 FidoNet ­> 1986 NSFNet ­> 1990 MILNET ­> 1990 Tim Berners­Lee at CERN ­> 1992 CERN browser­editor ­> 1993 NCSA at University of Illinois’ Mosaicbrowser ­> 1994 Netscape Navigator ­> 1995 Netscape IPO ­> 1995 Amazon and eBay ­> 1996 Internet Explorer.

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RICHARD BARBROOK, industrial future

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