Q.2: Compare the cognitive development of adolescence with the cognitive development ofchildhood.
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ABSTRACT AND THEORETICAL CONCEPTSDuring this stage, children have difficulties thinking about more than one aspect of any situation at thesame time. In childhood, the children have ability only of centration, Centration is the tendency to focuson only one aspect of a situation at one time. Children’s thoughts and communications are typicallyegocentric.In the developmental theory of Jean Piaget, this is a feature of the pre-operational stage in childhood.The egocentric child assumes that other people see, hear, and feel exactly the same as the child does.The ability to use deductive reasoning and an understanding of abstract ideas.At this point, people become capable of seeing multiple potential solutions to problems and think morescientifically about the world around them.In adolescence stage, the child thinking pattern is not egocentric. In this stage, the individual has theability to see a situation from another person’s point of view.Their thoughts and communication are not egocentric. The ability to systematically plan for the futureand reason about hypothetical situations are also critical abilities.CONCEPTUALIZATION BALANCEChildren’s doesn’t have the ability of conceptualization (balancing things), Piaget organized a task. Onetask involved having children of different ages balance a scale by hooking weights on eachend. For example: Piaget organized an experiment to see the ability of conceptualization of balancebetween children and adolescents. To balance the scale, the children needed to understand that boththe heaviness of the weights and distance from the center played a role. Younger children around theages of 3 and 5 were unable to complete the task because they did not understand the concept ofbalance.
In this stage, individual has the ability of conceptualization, according to Piaget, It wasn't until aroundage 13 that children could use logic to form a hypothesis about where to place the weights to balancethe scale and balance the things.ABSTRACTION OF IDEAS In this stage, children doesn’t have the ability of abstraction of Ideas. Forexample: According to Piaget, in another experiment on formal operational thought, Piaget askedchildren to imagine where they would want to place a third eye if they had one. Younger children saidthat they would put the imaginary third eye in the middle of their forehead. In this stage, teenagers havethe ability of abstraction of idea. Older children, however, were able to come up with a variety of