Essay on Slavery in the Five Civilized Tribes - Akpan 1 Jane Doe Professor Kimberly Cheek-Squires HIST 1320-07 December 3 2013 Slavery in the Five

Essay on Slavery in the Five Civilized Tribes - Akpan 1...

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Akpan 1 Jane Doe Professor Kimberly Cheek-Squires HIST 1320-07 December 3, 2013 Slavery in the Five Civilized Tribes The history of African slaves has been well-researched and publicized. Slavery on North American cotton plantations, South American sugar plantations, and in Africa itself has been written about and debated by a multitude of scholars. A less-researched subject is the topic of native Americans’ slaves. Among the Five Civilized Tribes, African slaves were used for many of the same purposes as slaves of white masters. In this paper, we examine several aspects of slavery among the Five Civilized Tribes. We discuss they ways the enslavement of blacks differed from the traditional practice of captive servitude, the way Indians viewed blacks, the way slaves of Indians were treated, and the ways that the Five Tribes resisted freeing their slaves. The Indians’ traditional practice of using war captive as servants differed from the enslavement of blacks. In the Cherokee, Chickasaw and Choctaw nations, there were three possible fates for prisoners of war. The first was torture followed by death. This path was more typical for male captives. Author Barbara Krauthamer cites an example in 1752 when “Choctaws whipped a captive Chickasaw warrior for three days and planned on burning him to death on the fourth day [. . .]” (19). On another occasion, Chickasaws scalped alive and disemboweled a Choctaw warrior. The second possible fate for prisoners was to be made into servants. This option was more common for women and children. The third possible fate was integration into the community, usually into the captor’s family, through marriage or adoption. This option was not offered to slaves. In general, the most important difference between captive servitude and
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  • Spring '14
  • History, Slavery in the United States, American Civil War, Choctaw

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