Political Culture - U071614L Joel Chow Ken Q PS1101E Ang...

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U071614L Joel Chow Ken Q PS1101E Ang Ming Chee Cultivating Democracy: Political Culture and the Development of Democracy 1) Introduction 1.1 The Concept of Political Culture and Various Models 1.2 Stand: Political Culture and Democracy’s link 2) Substantive 2.1 Developing Democracy: Singapore’s transition viewed through Verba and Al- mond’s Civic Culture 2.2 A View from the Top: How American Political Elites view democracy and the culture’s influence on democratic development 2.3 Resistance and Moulding: Political Subcultures and Democratic Movements 2.4 Probing deeper: Political Culture and Political Socialization of democratic atti- tudes 3) Assessment and Conclusion
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Political culture is the study of how citizens perceive the state’s legitimacy and their political orientation. Values and attitudes of the citizens then form the fundamental basis of political culture. Thus political culture is primarily concerned with the views of the citizens and how this might affect their political decisions and behaviour. The study of political cul- ture is not static, but continually adjusts itself with institutional and societal pressures. Political culture thus is a useful tool for comparing the differences in perception towards political issues such as democracy across time and space. Its reference to both the histor- ical background and current events in a state allow a deeper understanding of how certain attitudes and values are better able to foster democracy compared to others. There are various models of political culture, of which the most prominent has been the civic culture model proposed by Almond and Verba. 1 While the civic culture model is highly useful, par- ticularly in understanding the development of democracy in states, the study of elite cul- tures and political subcultures help to fill in the gaps that it leaves through its reductionist tendencies. Thus it seems as though the concept of political culture can give a good ac- count of how the development of democracies are linked to the values and attitudes of the citizens of the states involved. 1.2 Stand: Political Culture and Democracy’s Link I will argue in this essay that political culture reveals which attitudes and values are conducive for democratic development. With political socialization an understanding of how these attitudes are formulated is possible. Political culture, however, cannot be seen as a theory for explaining democratic development but as a framework for viewing the pro- cesses of democratic development. 1 Gabriel A. Almond, Sidney Verba.
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Political Culture - U071614L Joel Chow Ken Q PS1101E Ang...

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