Shona Bira music of Zimbabwe

Shona Bira music of Zimbabwe - Polyrhythm o Mbira: four...

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Shona Bira music of Zimbabwe  Music Society and Culture 30/10/2007 08:16:00 Lamellophone Lamello – tongue (as in metal tongue) Played by Shona people of Zimbabwe Majority ethnic group (about 80%) 22 flat metal “keys” attached to a board with a metal bridge good resonator - bottle caps chuning – refers to tuning, often in mixolydian mode)  Mbira Musical Characteristics (Mbira examples, “Dande” and “Nhemamusasa”) Density: buzzy timbres; dense overlapping textures Cyclic form and variation: four 12-beats phrases (1 cycle is 48 beats) In each phrase, one note changes the chord by step (GBD, GBE, GCE, ACE) Interlock: adding a part in between spaces of other parts. Ex. Call and  response o Interlocking melodies: bass line; mid-range; high, descending. o Two interlocking players: kushara and kutsinhira o Singing, clapping, dancing
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Unformatted text preview: Polyrhythm o Mbira: four 12-beat phrases, heard either in 3s or 4s core and elaboration parts conceptions: piece as process, not product Bira Ceremony all-night spirit possession ceremony video: o how can you tell when someone is possessed? o How are mediums marked as different after possession? o What relationships between possession and music do you notice? Black cloth represents ancestor possessed being 30/10/2007 08:16:00 Bira (continued) Communication Medium Ancestors Family sponsorship Why hold a bira? Where? Music in the Bira Ceremony Mbira is important in the ceremony Spirits like to hear their favorite songs Spirit arrive when music is most intense Musicians respond to the medium 30/10/2007 08:16:00...
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course MUS 1801W taught by Professor Shultz during the Fall '07 term at Minnesota.

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Shona Bira music of Zimbabwe - Polyrhythm o Mbira: four...

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