psych #2 - Theory: General framework for scientific study;...

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Theory: General framework for scientific study; smaller aspects can be tested. Research Psychologists: Those who study the origin, cause, or result of certain behaviors Applied Psychologists: Thos who make direct use of the findings of research psychologists; deals directly with clients Neurobiological approach: viewing behavior as a result of nervous system functions and biology. Behavioral approach: viewing behavior as the product of learning and associates. Humanistic approach: Believing that people are basically good and capable of helping themselves Psychoanalysis: A system of viewing the individual as the product of unconscious forces Cognitive approach: Emphasizing how humans use mental processes to handle problems or develop certain personality characteristics Socio-cultural approach: Behavior viewed as strongly influenced by the rules and expectations of specific social groups or cultures. 6 MAIN THEORIES IN PSYCHOLOGY! Neurobiology- behavior viewed in terms of biological responses Behaviorism-behavior viewed as a product of learned responses Humanism- Behavior viewed as a reflection of internal growth Psychoanalysis: Behavior viewed as a reflection of unconscious aggressive and sexual impulses Cognitive Psychology: Behavior viewed as a product of various internal sentences or thoughts Sociocultural psychology: Behavior viewed as strongly influenced by the rules and expectations of specific social groups or cultures 2 Double Blind Study: A study during which neither participants nor researchers know to which group any subjects belongs. Subjects: People or animals on whom the experiment is conducted. Variables: Factors that change in an experiment. Survey: A method of using questions on feelings, opinions, or behavior patters.
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course PYSCH 101 taught by Professor Andrews during the Fall '07 term at DeVry Ft. Worth.

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psych #2 - Theory: General framework for scientific study;...

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