ANTH1003 Ch. 9 Book Outline for Test 3

ANTH1003 Ch. 9 Book Outline for Test 3 - ANTH 1003 Book...

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Page ANTH 1003 Book Notes Ch. 9 – Test 3 4/7/08 Chapter 9: Kinship 1. Families a. Nuclear and Extended Families i. Nuclear Family 1. Consists of parents and children normally living together in the same household 2. Lasts only as long as the parents and children remain together 3. Most people belong to at least 2 nuclear families in their lives a. Family of orientation : the family in which one is born and grows up; critical relations with parents and siblings b. Family of procreation : the family formed when one marries and has children; critical relations with spouse and children ii. Extended family 1. Assumes many of the functions otherwise associated with the nuclear family. 2. Ex: (Patrilineal) In former Yugoslavia with the Muslims of western Bosnia, nuclear families lacked autonomy. Many families were embedded in an extended family household called a “zadruga.” The zadruga would share possessions and took precedence over its component units. 3. Ex: (Matrilineal) The Nayars from the Malabar Coast of southern India lived in extended family compounds called “tarawads.” Children become members of the mother’s tarawad; they are not considered to be relatives of their biological father. b. Industrialism and Family Organization
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ANTH 1003 Book Notes Ch. 9 – Test 3 4/7/08 i. Family isolation arises from geographic mobility, which is associated with industrialism ii. Neolocality : Married couples are expected to establish a new place of residence – a “home of their own.” iii. Extended family household : Like a zadruga, is when an expanded family household includes three or more generations. iv. Collateral household: Another type of expanded family which includes siblings and their spouses and children. v. The higher proportion of expanded family households among poorer Americans has been explained as an adaptation to poverty. c. Changes in North American Kinship i. Nuclear families accounted for 23% of American households (2003-04). ii. Several reasons for the break-up of the nuclear family: 1. Women increasingly are joining men in the cash work force, removing them from their family of orientation while making it economically feasible to delay marriage. 2. The U.S. divorce rate has risen iii. Brazil vs. U.S. 1. American adults define families as their spouse and children; Brazilians define their families as their parents, siblings, aunt/uncles, grandparents, and cousins, and later they add their children but rarely their spouse. a. Brazilians live in a less mobile society and find it hard to imagine living away from their relatives b. American theme is “learning to live with strangers” d. The Family among Foragers
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ANTH 1003 Book Notes Ch. 9 – Test 3 4/7/08 i. Two basic social units: the nuclear family and the band. 1.
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ANTH1003 Ch. 9 Book Outline for Test 3 - ANTH 1003 Book...

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