What is anthropology?-the study of humans in all places, at all times.
Holistic- shows different aspects of human behavior.
Comparative- cross-culturally comparative. Ex-
the difference between Western
opinions of medicine and African opinions of medicine.
We cannot say “human
beings do ‘x’” unless we have considered all cultures.
-Emic VS –Etic
beliefs, inside perspective.
-Etic-“they”- outsider perspective.
objective and logical.
emotions from explanations.
Ethnography- field work, in-depth study of one particular group, culture.
Some particular cultural aspect overall.
Archaeology- look at material culture, not just people.
Artifact- anything altered or made by humans.
Culture- knowledge, beliefs, art, law, morals, customs, capabilities, habits, things, etc.
Shared, not just one person, but a group
Learned- enculturation, observe, imitate
Based on symbols- we learn things that stand for ideas, verbal and non-verbal
Integrated- aspects of culture are linked, religion, food, family, etc.
All factors work together for the function of culture.
Homo sapiens aren’t really physically adaptive but more culturally.
We arbitrarily decide what is appropriate, normal, etc.
It seems inappropriate for the professor to stand on the desk (elevated) even
though the classroom is focused towards her and being higher suggests
Cultural food choices- we don’t eat bugs here, except crawfish.
Current slang is not the same as slang from the past; clothes and
consumption patterns are other examples.
To be able to look at situations and think of them in a culturally relative way.
going to judge the behaviors of an individual, I must judge in consideration of the
culture they are a part of.
We have laws against polygamy; men with two wives are assholes.
considering the culture in Zanzibar, one cannot say that someone with two
wives is “bad” because they believe it is respectable.
Is the belief that “what I am doing has value over what other people are doing”
automatically judge other cultures based on our own.
Example is the missionary effort:
“I have the right/good/best religion; to
help you out, I’ll bring it to you”