anth1003 greg notes

anth1003 greg notes - 1 What is anthropology-the study of...

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1/14/08 1. What is anthropology?-the study of humans in all places, at all times. a. Holistic- shows different aspects of human behavior. b. Comparative- cross-culturally comparative. Ex- the difference between Western opinions of medicine and African opinions of medicine. We cannot say “human beings do ‘x’” unless we have considered all cultures. 2. -Emic VS –Etic a. -Emic-“me” beliefs, inside perspective. b. -Etic-“they”- outsider perspective. is supposedly objective and logical. Remove emotions from explanations. Ethnography- field work, in-depth study of one particular group, culture. Ethnology- cross-cultural, comparative. Some particular cultural aspect overall. Archaeology- look at material culture, not just people. Ex. Artifact- anything altered or made by humans. 1/16/08 IN NOTEBOOK 1/23/08 Culture- knowledge, beliefs, art, law, morals, customs, capabilities, habits, things, etc. .. 1. Culture is : a. Shared, not just one person, but a group b. Learned- enculturation, observe, imitate c. Based on symbols- we learn things that stand for ideas, verbal and non-verbal d. Integrated- aspects of culture are linked, religion, food, family, etc. i. All factors work together for the function of culture. e. Adaptive i. Homo sapiens aren’t really physically adaptive but more culturally. f. Arbitrary: We arbitrarily decide what is appropriate, normal, etc. .. i. It seems inappropriate for the professor to stand on the desk (elevated) even though the classroom is focused towards her and being higher suggests higher power. ii. Cultural food choices- we don’t eat bugs here, except crawfish. g. Always changing i. Current slang is not the same as slang from the past; clothes and consumption patterns are other examples. 2. Cultural Relativism a. To be able to look at situations and think of them in a culturally relative way. “If I’m going to judge the behaviors of an individual, I must judge in consideration of the culture they are a part of. i. Ex.: We have laws against polygamy; men with two wives are assholes. If considering the culture in Zanzibar, one cannot say that someone with two wives is “bad” because they believe it is respectable. 3. Ethnocentrism a. Is the belief that “what I am doing has value over what other people are doing” We automatically judge other cultures based on our own. i. Example is the missionary effort: “I have the right/good/best religion; to help you out, I’ll bring it to you”
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ii. It is part of being human that we are ethnocentric as a result of living in groups. We try to be agreeable and support our own group’s beliefs. 1/25/08 Different theories and viewpoints exist about anthropology. Europeans in the 16 th and 17 th century, exploring new world, curious about other cultures. Indigenous= native
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anth1003 greg notes - 1 What is anthropology-the study of...

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