ANTH1003 Conform and Conflict for Test 3

ANTH1003 Conform and Conflict for Test 3 - ANTH 1003 C&C...

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ANTH 1003 4/8/08 1. Chapter 16: Mother’s Love: Death without Weeping a. By Nancy Scherper Hughes i. Study done in Alto do Cruzeiro in the market town of Bom Jesus in the sugar plantation zone of Pernambuco in Northeast Brazil. 1. Life expectancy in the Northeast is only 40 years, largely because of the high rate of infant and child mortality. ii. Nailza de Arruda is the mother of Joana who says the church bells are “just another little angel gone to heaven” iii. Zezinho is a 13 month old baby; his mom is Lourdes. Years after she gave up on him and he was rescued by Hughes, she shows no guilt and Ze shows no resentment. iv. Eleven-year-old Xoxa admits that the baby never got enough to eat, but instructs Hughes to “never say that!” v. A mingua is a doomed infant that is left to die, meaning “of neglect” vi. They consider death to be caused by either natural causes or by sorcery; also, many infant deaths are considered fated and inevitable. The hopeless cases are called “child sickness” or “child attack” 1. Chronic cases are born small and wasted and have no “fight” 2. Acute cases are those doomed infants who die suddenly and violently. These are (incorrectly) considered to be caused by madness, epilepsy, or rabies. vii.In the past, if an infant died it was because a saint had claimed the child, and it would be wrong, a sign of a lack of faith, to weed for a child with such good fortune; now, under the new regime of “liberation theology,” priests do not operate in funerals. viii. Local priest is Padre Marcos. Says that the new church is a ‘church of hope and joy.” He says that they no longer celebrate the death of child angels, and that they try to tell mothers that Jesus
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ANTH 1003 4/8/08 doesn’t want all the dead babies they send him. Dying babies are no longer baptized. 2. Chapter 17: Family and Kinship in Village India a. By David W. McCurdy i. Study of the Bhils done in the village of Ratakote located in southern Rajasthan, India 1. Kinship-centered agrarian society that has remained strong in spite of economic changes, particularly the growth of wage labor. 2. Kanji is the father of Rupani. He is setting up marriage arrangements for her at the age of 15, early enough so that she doesn’t fall in love and elope. 3. To find a spouse, he first consulted the members of Kanji’s patrilineage for approval. Then he must offer a bride price ( dapa ). 4.
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ANTH1003 Conform and Conflict for Test 3 - ANTH 1003 C&C...

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