anth1003 test 1 notes

anth1003 test 1 notes - 8/27/07 Anthropology- study of...

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8/27/07 Anthropology - study of human kind 1. Socio-cultural anthropology - focuses on difference in cultures in a symbolic way, what living groups of people are doing currently - cultural anthropology - focuses on symbolic forms and how they relate to each other make sure you know that cultural anthro is interchangeable with ethnology. Lots of questions on this. - British people were more interested in social anthropologist because of social hierarchies 2. linguistics - study of language - focuses on one aspect of human behavior - breaking down the words of language 3. archaeology - studying culture by using artifacts 4. physical anthropology - study human beings as organisms - interested in human remains (3 ?s) - compare primates as a whole (know what animals the primates category includes it’s in the book) 5. applied anthroplogy - taking concepts learned from anthropology and applying them to social problems Ethnocentrism - human beings like to do what others are doing; doing what’s accepted - adaptive - key factor in decision making - what our culture does in comparison to other cultures - people agree with what people around them do - simplifies our choices Cultural Relativism - judge a person’s behavior based on cultural rules (there were two ?s on this) 8/29/07 What is culture? - the definition can vary based on the interest of data the anthropologist is looking at - consists of all kinds of beliefs, views, morals, technology, actions, etc. that allow people to live and function together in groups - learn through culture how to behave in particular situations - tacit vs. explicit - explicit - anything that you can learn directly from a book or a person how to do something ex. Learning manners - tacit - learning implicitly how to do something; a “known” behavior or action without someone actually teaching you -can be learned by watching TV, others, etc. ex . Elevator behavior; body space changes from culture to culture - 4 different sets of uncles in US: 2 blood, 2 virtually unrelated - First definition of culture (1871) : that complex fold which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by
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humans as members of society - written by Tyler (it asked us who came up with the first idea of culture so know this name) - Culture is: 1. shared- all have common beliefs 2. l earned - enculturation - learning your own culture Ex. Watching the TV, church, when and where its appropriate to sleep - acculturation - learning a different culture Ex. Hawaiians learning the American culture/ way of life 3. symbols - signals - behaviors tied to the meaning behind them - humans use symbols to communicate with others; body language 4. integrated- different aspects of culture all work together in a particular system Ex. The Shipibo Group: they are acting normal until missionaries show up and forced them to become monogamous, the whole culture was then transformed when it came to child bearing society - a group of people who are interdependent and who share a common
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course ANTH 1003 taught by Professor Demovic during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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anth1003 test 1 notes - 8/27/07 Anthropology- study of...

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