ANTH1003 Test 3 Notes from Class

ANTH1003 Test 3 Notes from Class - ANTH 1003 Class Notes...

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Page ANTH 1003 Class Notes – Test 3 4/7/08 “Omaha kinship” – patriline One difference between our system and Omaha is how we treat cousins. (On our fathers side there are two different kinds or cousins) Cross cousins -gender shift one generation up (fathers sister’s kids or mothers brothers kids) Parallel cousins - [siblings] cousins where the gender does not change one generation up (father’s brother’s kids or mothers sister’s kids) “Crow” - matrilines (mirror of the Omaha) Moiety system - RED marries BLUE simple exchange (arranged marriages within cross cousins) Murdoc says: In kinships we do lumping. Like with cousin. You may have a lot but you lump them under the same term. He also says that people do splitting. Like with brother. You label someone because that term means something in society. Fictive Kinship: Like “godfather;” makes a relative or a person a special network Polygyny- one man having multiple wives Polyandy- woman having multiple husbands Endogamy - marriage within the group Incest taboo (taboo = forbidden) - sex between close relatives o Why this is wrong: 1. Inbreeding avoidance - the risk of unwanted or bad traits being passed on 2. Familiarity breeds contempt - being around certain people since childhood makes those certain people unattractive to us (Westermark came up with this theory, Observed and collected data; Talmon 1964, Wolf 1968)
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3. Family disruption theory - (Malinowski) 4. Alliance theory - (Levi-Strauss) “The institutionalized exchange of women [between families] by the alliance of marriage [is taken] to be the central point of kinship.” The universality of the incest taboo, “a natural phenomenon,” necessitates marriage and the creation of the “transversal [that is, affinal or ‘in-law’] network of alliances [that] engender all social organization.” 5. Descent theory - (A. R. Radcliffe-Brown) The nuclear family – a man, his
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