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Sociology.docx - Sociology Sociological Views of the Self...

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SociologySociological Views of the SelfThe Self as a Product of Modern SocietyAmong OthersWith modernization, the self becomes a “delocalized” self which is free to seek itswon identity; defining religion, theological tradition; free from customaryconstaraints hence deviating from the traditional way of life.Problem:1.The newfound freedom threatens the very authenticity of the self (e.g. Love)2. Alienation (Marx) – human beings being haunted by the images they havecreated.3. Objectification of the body (e.g. medical practice)4. Dehumanization of self.Self as Necessary Fiction-Self for Nietzsche, is the sum of individual’s action, thought and feelings. Self isnothing more than a metaphor, a representation of something abstract; symbolic.Post-modern View of the SelfSelf is a narrative, a text written ad re-written . Self is a story. It is dynamic. Self isa product of modern discourse that is historically and socially imprisoned by whatis acceptable by norms, etc.Manifestation:1. Information technology dislocates the self, thus the self is “digitalized” in cyberspace.2. Global migration produces multicultural identities.3. Post-modern selves are “pluralized” selves.Social Construction of the Self
-Self is not discovered; it is made through the socialization process. Theindividual is an active, strategizing agent that negotiates for the definition ofhimself.Rewriting the Self as an Artistic Creation-Nietzsche states that the unity of self is not pre-given but accomplish throughconscious effort – transform the self through beautiful work of art.Self Creation and Collective Identity-Memories such as photographs and videos play a significant role in creating theself and identity.Self creation is form within “imagined communities”Self Creation and the struggle for culturalrecognition-We create ourselves by s.truggling with cultural hassles then owning thecreated selfMead’s Theory-The self according to Mead, is made of two components: the “I” and the “me”.“Me” – represents the expectations and attitudes of others ( the”generalized other”)organized into a social self.“I” –it is the essence of agency in human action.Mead’s Three Stages of Development of SelfStage 1: The Preparatory Stage( 2 years) children mimic those around them.Stage 2: The Play Stage(2 years to 6 years) children play pretend and do not adhere to the rules organizedgames.Stages 3: The Game Stage(seven years onwards) children begin to understand and adhere to the rules of thegames.

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