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PYC3703 ASSIGNMENTS ASSIGNMENT 1 1. Donders was interested in determining how long it takes for a person to make a decision. he determined this by measuring - - - - - —how long it takes to respond to presentation of a stimulus. 1.cognition 2.reaction time 3.processing time 4.analytical ability 2. The field that studies how to make machines behave in ways that are intelligent if a human were so behaving is known as - - - - - 1.cognitive psychology. 2.behaviourism. 3.artificial intelligence. 4.flow diagramming. 3. Cherry’s (1953) experiment in which participants listen to two messages simultaneously, one in each ear, found that? 1.people can focus on one message and ignore the other one. 2.people can focus on the message they were repeating. 3.people take in very little information about the ignored message. 4.even deaf individuals process auditory information, even on a non-conscious level. 4. The scene of a human sitting at a computer terminal, responding to stimuli flashed on the computer screen, would most likely be described as depicting a(n) - - - - - experiment. 1.information processing 2.analytic introspection 3.operant conditioning 4.behaviourist 5. - - - - - refers to the idea that a topic can be studied in a number of different ways, with each approach contributing its own dimension to our understanding. 1.Cognitive neuroscience 2.Levels of analysis 3.Communication and representation 4.Information processing 6. The investigation of how behaviour is strengthened by presentation of positive reinforcers (e.g., food) or withdrawal of negative reinforcers (e.g., shock) is best known as - - - - - 1.classical conditioning. 2.the method of savings. 3.choice reaction time. 4.operant conditioning. 7. Which of the following is a criticism of analytic introspection? 1.It infers mental processes based on objective data. 2.It produces results that are too easy to verify. 3.It produces consistent results from person to person. 4.It requires extensive training. 8. Damage to Wernicke’s area is in which lobe of the brain?1.Temporal
2.Occipital 3.Parietal 4.Frontal 9. Paul Broca’s and Carl Wernicke’s research provided early evidence for - - - - -. 1.distributed processing 2.localization of function 3.prosopagnosia 4.neural net theory 10. Which part of the brain is important for touch, pressure, and pain? 1.Occipital lobe 2.Hippocampus 3.Temporal lobe 4.Parietal lobe 11. The fusiform face area (FFA) in the brain is often damaged in patients with - - - - - 1.Broca’s aphasia.2.Wernicke’s aphasia.3.Prosopagnosia. 4.Alzheimer's disease. 12. The idea that specific cognitive functions activate many areas of the brain is known as - - - - -. 1.localization of function 2.distributed processing 3.modularity 4.aphasia 13. Brain-imaging techniques can determine all of the following EXCEPT - - - - - 1.areas of the brain activated during cognitive tasks.