CHAPTER 8- THE MACHINERY OF GOVERNMENT-check out pg 234 table 8.1 for the formal organization of Canadian gov.-legislaturemakeslaw; the exec. Branch implements the laws; and the judicial branch interprets them-the legislative branch shall…orepresent the people and be accountable to them through periodic electionsodebate public issues and provide a forum for competition between political partiesomake laws -the executive branch shalloimplement the lawsoensure that the public’s business is carried out efficiently, accountably, and in accordance with the lawobe non-partisan at the bureaucratic level, such that non-elected officials faithfully carry out the policies of whatever party forms the government of the day.-The judicial branch shall…oBe non-partisan and free from interference by the government;oInterpret the law’s meaningoNot substitute its preferences for those of elected public officials in matters of public policy, as distinct from legaland constitutional interpretation.Executive Branch-the monarch and governor generaloCanada is a constitutional monarchy oMonarch embodies the authority of the Canadian state oAny action of the gov. of Canada is taken in the queen’s name oMonarch is responsible for appointing the PM and for deciding when parliament will be dissolved and a new election held.
oHer duties are carried out by GGoQueen and GG perform mainly symbolic functiosoReal decision making powers of the exec. Are exercised by the PM who is head of gov. and cabinetoIn the case of dissolving parliament, the monarch’s discretion is limited by constitutional conventions that have developed over time.oNormally the PM’s request that Parliament be dissolved and a new election held will be granted automatically. Incircumstances of minority government the monarch’s representative could refuse such a request and instead ask the leader of another party to try to form a government. The last time this happened was in 1926, when GG Lord Byng refused PM WMK’s request for a newelection. This refusal provoked a minor constitutional crisis. Since then, the view of most constitutional expert has been that the monarch’s representative is required to accept the advice given by PM. oMonarch and GG play no significant role in setting the gov’s policy agenda or in the subsequent decision-making process. oRoyal assent to legislation is automatic; never been withheld. oLieutenant governor= monarch’s provincial representatives oThe ceremonial duties that are part of government mustbe performed by someone, and it may be that assigning them to a head of state who is above the partisan fray reduces the possibility of too close an association between the political system-the state- and the leadership of particular political factions within it.