Notes_for_exam_2_from_powerpoint

Notes_for_exam_2_from_powerpoint - Gender By sex we mean...

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1 Gender By sex we mean the biological and physiological characteristics that define men and women. Gender means socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women. If you do an ethnology you will find that aspects of sex remain pretty much the same. Gender characteristics WILL differ. People can change their sex and accordingly can also change their gender. In some cultures you have an accepted third gender, in some others you don’t. Hijra’s of India There are societies and cultures that do accept men who dress as or act as women and vice versa. Sexual Dimorphism sexual dimorphism is the physiological difference between the sexes especially with reference to height and weight. Masculinity and Femininity Expected ways of behavior for women and men. Metrosexual and Groomzilla gender stereotype a standardized mental picture that is held in common by members of a group and that represents an oversimplified opinion, prejudiced attitude, or uncritical judgment. So you apply sweeping generalizing statements to one whole sex. Stereotypes can be dangerous. Margaret Mead (Male and Female) Studied three different groups of people- Arapesh- both men and women were expected to be non-aggressive and co-operative as well as responsive to the needs of the others, something that we tend to associate with women or would call feminine. When she studied the Tchambuli she found that female and male roles or the roles we would expect of them in this society had been reversed. The women were expected to be fierce and dominant and provided the food for the family while the men were more occupied with art, with hairstyling and gossiping. And then among the Mundugumor, both the men and women were aggressive and fierce. Gender Roles Refer to what activities men and women are expected to engage in because they belong to a certain gender. Gender stratification refers to the unequal distribution of resources and power among other things based on gender. North India- the female/male population is skewed or the sex ratio is skewed. This is because girls are neglected (not in all cases) from birth and given less in terms of nutritional food, clothing, education and are married off very early and have children very early thus fixing them as mothers and wives for much of their lives. Because of things such as dowry and gender stratification and just the fact that males have more prestige and power and because a son is supposed to look after his parents while a
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daughter is thought to be someone who will get married and go away, girls are just sidelined in many ways. Also now with the coming in of ultrasound many go in for abortions if the baby is a girl simply because they feel that they will have to provide her with dowry and again she wont really be around to look after them. So there is a big gap in status and prestige between men and women in North India- which leads to stratification with one gender being placed above the other. Universal Male Dominance is to make a sweeping statement and being generalizing but
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Zhang during the Spring '08 term at Tulane.

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Notes_for_exam_2_from_powerpoint - Gender By sex we mean...

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