12.5 The Battlefront 1862 to1865.docx - Which of the...

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Which of the following advances in technology contributed to high casualty rates during the war? The rifle and Minié ball bullet Advanced torture tactics at the Confederate prison camp at Andersonville, Georgia Doctors’ attention to sterilization and sanitation practices Points: 1 / 1 Close Explanation Explanation: Though twice as many deaths were caused by disease than by combat, the emergence of new technologies made warfare more efficient and much bloodier. The rifle and Minié ball bullet could reach targets from four times the distance of the traditional muskets they replaced. In addition, ironclad ships and howitzers (artillery pieces similar to cannons) contributed to the high casualty rates during the war, which killed some 625,000 Americans. Imagine you have found a page from the diary of Confederate General Robert E. Lee written in early May 1863. In this entry, Lee reflects on key battles that occurred over the previous nine months. Because of the age of the letter, the ink is faint in spots. Based on the narrated battle map, select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete General Lee’s letter. May 5, 1863 Dear Diary, Today my troops repelled the Union’s advances on Fredericksburg yet again, but oh, what a price we paid. I believe we lost the same number of men as at Antietam on September 17, 1862—the single bloodiest day of the war. The last few days have, indeed, been trying, but I am confident that the South will emerge victorious in this terrible struggle. I am heartened by the efforts of General Stonewall Jackson and his troops, who successfully defeated Union forces on the western flank of General Hooker’s dual-flanked attack near Chancellorsville . I am exhausted; I must get some rest before another day dawns. Imagine that you’re a Union soldier incarcerated at Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia. For several days, you’ve heard only rumors of the outcome of the Battle of Gettysburg, which took place July 1–3, 1863, in southern Pennsylvania. Then, on July 8, you and your fellow prisoners finally receive an accurate account from a reliable informant. Based on the narrated battle map, select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the dialogue. YOU: Although I am sorry you ended up in here, friend, might I ask if you bring news of the Battle of Gettysburg? We have received reports from only Southern sources and cannot be sure they are accurate. INFORMANT: I can tell you everything about it because I was there, but I will spare you the suspense and tell you that the Union army emerged victorious. Although General Lee’s troops enjoyed an early advantage, General Meade’s forces routed Lee’s men after securing the coveted high ground on July 1.
YOU: But the battle lasted three days, did it not?

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