SocProbFinal

SocProbFinal - Study Questions for Social Problems, Final:...

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Study Questions for Social Problems, Final: Fall 2007 MKS Chapters 3 (Alcohol/Drugs) and 4 (Crime and Social Control) and Sidewalk, pages 217-252 and 293-317 This exam will be approximately 50% objective items, and the remaining 50% are short and long essays. Sidewalk is important to Part III of the course: read it closely, understand it (including the main characters), and be able to apply the sociological concepts that we discussed in class. If you study, there should be few surprises. What is the normalization of deviance? What are techniques of neutralization, and why are they used? Give examples from Sidewalk. 1. What are the different white collar and street crimes that take place in the buying and selling of books and newspaper distribution businesses of the Sidewalk setting? o Street crimes: vendors are selling books stolen from legitimate book stores. Example, Jill Dunbar accuses Alice of selling books stolen from her Note books aren’t always stolen; most of the time they’re donated or found in the garbage o White collar crimes: employees in the publishing industry sell books, newspapers and magazines to others like bookstores, vendors, and newsstands. o For white collar the crime is neutralized because the execs figured that there’s no way to stop theft and figure that this occurrence is normal. They just create an accounting line for missing products so their statements would balance. o So, white collar crime is neutralized and not seen as deviant, but street crime isn’t and thusly viewed as a crime Other items o Fence: person that buys/sells stolen items o Neutralization (of deviance) o Normalization of deviance: - people make up excuses so they don’t feel like thieves - ex. people in the publishing industry are underpaid so they supplement their paychecks by selling published goods in the black market - ex. Hakim turns the accusations back on the bookstores; justifies his behavior b/c the business he’s in (publishing industry) is already corrupted o Occupational (employee) theft: - employees steal in order to supplement their paychecks; they justify it by saying that “they deserve to” or that “the company will never notice” o Organizational theft: - established stores knowingly purchase stolen goods - ex. The Strand was caught selling books that haven’t come out yet, and these books were noted to be stolen from the publisher’s Brooklyn warehouse 2. How did BIDS and Local Law 45 change the social relationships and everyday work lives of the vendors? Give examples. In your response, discuss the concept of emerging norms. o
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SocProbFinal - Study Questions for Social Problems, Final:...

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