Test2Review - Chapter Five Key Terms alpha(a helix amino...

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Chapter Five Key Terms alpha (a) helix amino acid antiparallel beta (b) pleated sheet carbohydrate catalyst cellulose chitin cholesterol condensation reaction dehydration reaction denaturation deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) deoxyribose disaccharide disulfide bridge double helix enzyme fat fatty acid gene glycogen glycosidic linkage hydrolysis hydrophobic interaction lipid macromolecule monomer monosaccharide nucleic acid nucleotide peptide bond phospholipid polymer polynucleotide polypeptide polysaccharide primary structure protein purine pyrimidine quaternary structure ribonucleic acid (RNA)
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ribose saturated fatty acid secondary structure starch steroid tertiary structure triacylglycerol unsaturated fatty acid Concepts: The Principles of Polymers 1. Know the four major groups of macromolecules found in living organisms. 2. Distinguish between monomers and polymers, dehydration and hydrolysis reactions. Carbohydrates Serve as Fuel and Building Material 3. Know the common formula of carbohydrate. Distinguish among monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. 4. Know the formation of a glycosidic linkage. 5. Distinguish between the glycosidic linkages found in starch and cellulose. Explain why the difference is biologically important. Know the role of carbohydrates in human diet, understand glycemic index and glycemic load. Lipids Are a Diverse Group of Hydrophobic Molecules 6. Know the building-block molecules, structure, and biological importance of fats, phospholipids, and steroids. 7. Identify the ester linkage and describe how it is formed. 8. Distinguish between saturated and unsaturated fats. Proteins Have Many Structures and Many Functions 9. Know how a peptide bond forms between two amino acids, be able to identify the peptide bond. 10. Know the four major components of an amino acid. 11. What determines protein conformation (primary structure)? 12. Know the two types of secondary protein structure and the role of hydrogen bonds in secondary structure. 13. Know how weak interactions and disulfide bridges contribute to tertiary protein
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Test2Review - Chapter Five Key Terms alpha(a helix amino...

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