Feb 23 notes

Feb 23 notes - i) reason- capacity to think ii)...

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Feb 23 Ethical Views: Consequentialist- what are the consequences? Deontological- emphasizes universal rules Virtue- what kind of person should I be? Aristotle says that the happiness that we seek must be of a higher level, social, and attainable. What is goodness? Activity of the soul in conformity of some standard of virtue. Ex: Spaudaious- reasonable person who has a sense of importance of living life well: fulfilling ones civil service. Activity of a soul must occur in a complete life. What is the nature of the soul? What is the nature of human beings?: 1) the soul is composed of rational and irrational components. a) Irrational i) vegetative- food, water, etc. ii) instinct- desires, can be influenced by reason, or overcome reason b) Rational
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Unformatted text preview: i) reason- capacity to think ii) language-capacity to speak iii) memory-capacity to remember Intellectual Virtues-involve theoretical or abstract reasoning (understanding); practical wisdom Moral Virtues- Generosity Self-control Courage Habituate-worthwhile to obey, not worthwhile to disobey; lengthy process, pattern of learning whats right and wrong; we call it socialization in the modern world What is virtuous action?-5 Principles:-1. act must be of a certain kind (nature of the act) (external)-2. agent of the act must know what he/she is doing (internal)-3. agent chooses the act (internal)-4. agent chooses act for its own sake (internal)-5. act must spring from an unchangeable character (internal)...
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