Lecture_Outline_for_Political_Culture - Lecture Outline on...

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Lecture Outline on Political Culture I. What is a Political Culture? a. “Pattern of individual attitudes and orientations toward politics among the members of the political system." b. Includes political ideologies and a host of attitudes and perceptions about how the political system works and who benefits from it. Whether we should participate or not. Attitudes towards politicians c. Cognitive and Affective Components . Cognitive : what we think about situations. Intellectual component. Affective : emotional component. How we feel about our system. d. Classification of Political Cultures i. Democratic/Authoritarian : democratic: willing to allow broader participations. diversity is important. Authoritarian: an elite make decisions. decisions are made by a small number of people and accepted as a result. Can be put on a continuum. ii. Conflictual/Consensual : conflictual : violence is a normal method of solving problems. Until recently Ireland was this culture. Iraq is now. Authoritarian under Hussein but more tribal now due to invasion. Consensua l: desires of community are highly dominant. Will of community is considered highly desireable. Japan is such a culture: sense of the need for conformity. Parochial: peoples that have local concerns. Isolated villages within larger cultures. Subject: authoritarian most likely. Culture in which there is a huge poor majority. iii. Materialist/Post-Materialist: Materialist : parents, grandparents. post-materialists: suspicious of political leaders. Quality of libations. Us today. II. Socialization a. The process by which individuals learn the values and norms of their society. Rules. A process: begins at birth and ends in death. b. Political socialization is the process by which political values and norms are learned. This is how a political culture builds support for itself and derives its legitimacy. Formal and informal. Governments have a high stake in socialization. Use formal socialization to build legitimacy: feeling we have what they are doing is ok/right. Governments must have it. Support for what they do. There is respect for the law and the processes of making in legitimacy. c. Ideology a. A set of beliefs that orient us toward the challenges and opportunities of life. Begins with basic perceptions and moves to more systematic belief systems. Marx characterized of false thinking because it was tied to economic prejudice. Thinking of a dominant class. Motivated by our repressed psychological needs. Eidos: knowledge logos: word = word of knowledge. Modern world: set of beliefs that orient us toward the challenges and opportunities of life. Begin with basic perceptions about
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human nature and change and move to a much more systematic set of beliefs. woman without her man is nothing : Woman! Without her, man is
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Lecture_Outline_for_Political_Culture - Lecture Outline on...

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