EXAM 2 1Reasons world war I lasted as long as it did?trench warfare dominated western front and favored the defensive, hard to break throughincompetence of allied generals22 reasons the Moltke plan failed?exempted the Netherlands from attack and had to go through Belgiumright too weak — invading FranceBritish sent help to France very quicklyRussians invaded Eastern Germanygermans advanced in a disorderly fashion, one part of army got ahead, french see then and counterattacked3Result of the failure of Moltke plan/ or what would have happened if it had succeeded?prevented Germans from taking Paris and knock France out of the war4Why did the Allied attack on Gallipoli fail?because western Allied generals wouldn’t send experienced officers and they made mistakes because of this like waiting on the beach after landing and Turks occupied the heights with machine guns5Result of the failure of the attack on Gallipoli / what would have happened if they would have succeeded?Allies failed to knock Turkey out of the war and possibly Austria as well 6Why did the Germans unrestricted submarine warfare fail militarily? Allies came up with methods of dealing with ways of dealing with subs— convoys, aircraft, mines 7What was the result of the failure of the Germans unrestricted submarine warfare/ what would have happened if they would have succeeded?Could have driven Britain out of the war8Why did the Ludendorff Offensive of 1918 fail? attacking in the same place they had attacked at beginning of war— slow going because of destruction from previous fightingGerman soldiers got into wine cellars and were getting drunkFrench sent reinforcement and were told to dig in— forced to attack their own trenches9Result of the failure of the Ludendorff Offensive of 1918/ what would have happened if they had succeeded?they could have gotten Paris and knock France out of the war10
What German generals decided on a policy of unrestricted submarine warfare?Ludendorff and Hindenburg11Who intercepted the Zimmerman telegram?the British12The Zimmerman telegram went from who to whom?from the German foreign minister (Zimmerman) to the German ambassador in Mexico13Who planned the Flanders Offensive? Douglas Haig14Who led the opposition to the Treaty of Versailles in the US?Henry Cabbet Lodge15Explain Trench Warfare?two opposing sides with trenches covered in barbwire one side attacks the other side— by the time they make it across no mans land defensive side is up with machine guns16What is unrestricted Submarine warfare?german policy of sinking all ships in a specified zone around Britain17Why didn’t Germans stop ships trading with enemy and search them?because they had submarines, couldn’t surface, could only sink ships, only weapon was a torpedo18What did the Zimmerman telegram state?