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Rhetorical Devices in PoetryRhetorical DeviceDefinitionExampleAlliterationthe recurrence of initial consonant soundsStephen sat on seven silly snakes.Allusiona short, informal reference to a famous person or eventIf Einstein were in my position, what would he do?Antithesisestablishes a clear, contrasting relationship between two ideas by joining them together or juxtaposing themYou are easy on the eyes, but hard on the heart.ApostropheIn literature, apostrophe is a figure of speech sometimes represented by exclamation “O”. A writer or a speaker, using an apostrophe, detaches himself from the reality and addresses animaginary character in his speech.“Death be not proud, though some have called theeMighty and dreadful, for, thou art not so,For, those, whom thou think’st, thou dost overthrow,Die not, poor death, nor yet canstthou kill me.”-“Death Be Not Proud” John DonneAssonancesimilar vowel sounds repeated in successive or proximate words containing different consonantsI feel depressed and restless.Cacophonythe use of words and phrases that imply strong, harsh sounds within the phraseHis fingers rapped and pounded the door, and his foot thumped against the yellowing woodCaesuracreating a fracture of sorts within a sentence where the two separate parts are distinguishable from one another yet intrinsically linked to one anotherMozart- oh how your music makes me soar!Colloquialisma word or phrase that is not formal or literary and is used in ordinary or familiar conversationHey man, how’s it going?Conceitan ingenious or fanciful comparison or metaphorAll the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances Consonancerepetition of the same consonant or consonant pattern two or moretimes in short successionHe struck a streak of bad luck.Dictionthe distinctive tone or tenor of an author’s writings, including mood,attitude, dialect, and style of writingCertain writers in the modern dayand age use archaic terms such as ‘thy’, ‘thee’ and ‘wherefore’ to imbue a Shakespearean mood totheir work.End-StoppedAn end-stop occurs when a line of poetry ends with a period or “Bright Star, would I were as stedfast as thou art—
Rhetorical Devices in Poetrydefinite punctuation mark, such as a colonNot in lone splendor hung aloft the night,And watching, with eternal lids apart,Like nature's patient, sleepless Eremite,”-“Bright Star”, John KeatsEnjambmentoccurs when a phrase carries over a line-break without a major pause“Or gazing on the new soft-fallen masqueOf snow upon the mountains andthe moors—“-“Bright Star”, John KeatsEuphonythe use of phrases and words