LECTURE WEEK 6 - Chapter Learning Objec1ves After studying this chapter you should be able to Define groups and differentiate between different types of

LECTURE WEEK 6 - Chapter Learning Objec1ves After studying...

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Chapter Learning Objec1vesAfter studying this chapter, you should be able to: Define groups, and differentiate between different types of groups. Identify the five stages of group development. Show how role requirements change in different situations. Demonstrate how norms and status exert influence on an individual’s behavior. Show how group size affects group performance. Contrast the benefits and disadvantages of cohesive groups. Contrast the strengths and weaknesses of group decision making. Compare the effectiveness of interacting, brainstorming, nominal, and electronic meeting groups. Evaluate evidence for cultural differences in group status and social loafing, and the effects of diversity in groups. 9-­૒1Trang Hoai Thu Thao, MA, MPRIA, Lecturer of Public Communica>on
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Dis1nguishing The conceptsWhat is a group? What is a team? What are the differences between group and team? Giving an example to illustrate for your viewpoint. © 2009 Pren>ce-­૒Hall Inc. All rights reserved.9-­૒2
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Defining and Classifying GroupsGroup: Two or more individuals interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives Formal Group: Defined by the organization’s structure with designated work assignments establishing tasks Informal Group: Alliances that are neither formally structured nor organizationally determined Appear naturally in response to the need for social contact Deeply affect behavior and performance 9-­૒3Trang Hoai Thu Thao, MA, MPRIA, Lecturer of Public Communica>on
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Subclassifica1ons of GroupsFormal Groups Command Group A group composed of the individuals who report directly to a given manager Task Group Those working together to complete a job or task in an organization but not limited by hierarchical boundaries Informal Groups Interest Group Members work together to attain a specific objective with which each is concerned Friendship Group Those brought together because they share one or more common characteristics 9-­૒4Trang Hoai Thu Thao, MA, MPRIA, Lecturer of Public Communica>on
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Why People Join GroupsSecurity Status Self-esteem Affiliation Power Goal Achievement 9-­૒5See E X H I B I T 9-­૒1Trang Hoai Thu Thao, MA, MPRIA, Lecturer of Public Communica>on
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Five Stages of Group Development Model9-­૒6E X H I B I T 9-­૒2Trang Hoai Thu Thao, MA, MPRIA, Lecturer of Public Communica>on
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The Five Stages of Group Development1. Forming Members feel much uncertainty 2. Storming Lots of conflict between members of the group 3.Norming Stage Members have developed close relationships and cohesiveness 4.Performing Stage The group is finally fully functional 5.Adjourning Stage In temporary groups, characterized by concern with wrapping up activities rather than performance 9-­૒7Trang Hoai Thu Thao, MA, MPRIA, Lecturer of Public Communica>on
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