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Hamza Patwa Paper 4.docx - Hamza Patwa 5/10/2021...

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Hamza Patwa5/10/2021Dr.SilversteinPsychology 102Paper #4Top-down processing is when perceptions begin with our most general ideas and becomemore and more specific going forward. These perceptions are significantly influenced by ourexpectations and prior knowledge. Essentially, the brain is applying what it already knows to fillin the blanks, and be ready for what’s next. An example of top-down processing is shapeconstancy, meaning that the ability to perceive an object as retaining its original shape, despite itsorientation, or the angle from which it is viewed. This is something that effects our everyday life,because it helps to eliminate misconceptions about the true shape of an object, e.g. we willusually assume the shape of letter paper is a rectangle, even if we look at it from an angle,
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