Chapters 1-4 Summary - Psychology2060 Chapter1:\/ \/OPsychology Definition I\/OPsychology: I\/

Chapters 1-4 Summary - Psychology2060 Chapter1:/...

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Psychology 2060 Chapter 1: Introduction to Industrial/Organizational Psychology History and development of I/O Psychology Definition I/O Psychology:  addresses both the efficiency and effectiveness of workers. “I/O Psychology is a field of both scientific research and professional practice that aims to further  the welfare of people by: understanding the behavior of individuals and organizations in the work  place: helping individuals pursue meaningful and enriching work; and assisting, organizations in the  effective management of their human resources.” - The Canadian Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (CSIOP) Focuses our attention on both individual and organizational goals These broad objectives mean that the field of I/O psychology overlaps and intersects with  many other areas of enquiry I/O psychologists often share interest with health psychologists, social psychologists, and  counseling psychologists Have strong backgrounds in psychometrics, statistics, and research methods Overlaps with business topics such as organizational behavior, human resource management, and industrial relations List of services: Carrying out task analyses, determining the knowledge skills, abilities, and personal  characteristics needed for certain jobs Providing recommendations on how to assess potential employees or actually conducting the  assessments Providing guidance on how to train employees Assessing work performance and the motivation of employees Determining group effects on work performance Examining communication within and commitment to the organization Understanding the human-machine system and the complexities of their interactions Assisting in the selection and training of competent leaders Assisting in career assessment and career development Assisting in changing the organization to become more effective Assisting in managing relationships between employees and managers
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Subfield Occupational health psychology:  consolidates the interests of many I/O psychologists to focus on  issues of individual health and well being in organizations The Scientist-Practitioner Perspective I/O psychology comprises of both scientific research and professional practice. Trained as social scientists Draw on theories and methods of psychology to understand what is going on in organizations and to improve work practices in organizations Thorough grounding in the methods of scientific research and draw on a number of tools  including surveys, experiments, and quasi-experiments Applied scientists whose scientific work is informed by practice Training The Society for Industrial and Organizational Psycology (SIOP)  – American version of CSIOP Guidelines for training in I/O psychology Guidelines for graduate-level training Reinforce the scientists-practitioner model 1. Applicants to graduate school in I/O psychology should have an undergraduate degree in  psychology from a recognized institution 2.
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