robbins_ob11_ppt14 - 14-1 Essentialsof 11/e...

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Dr. Lu Zhang GMT202 UNIST Chapter 14  Foundations of Organizational  Structure 14-1 Essentials of  Organizational Behavior , 11/e Stephen P. Robbins & Timothy A. Judge
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After studying this chapter, you should be able to: 14 -2 1. Identify the six elements of an organization’s structure. 2. Describe the common organizational designs. 3. Compare and contrast the virtual and boundary- less organizations. 4. Demonstrate how organizational structures differ. 5. Analyze the behavioral implications of different organizational designs. 6. Show how globalization affects organizational structure.
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What is Organization Structure? 14 -3 It defines how job tasks are formally divided, grouped, and coordinated Key elements to be addressed: Work specialization Departmentalization Chain of command Span of control Centralization Decentralization Formalization
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Element 1: Work Specialization 14 -4 Also known as division of labor Describes the degree to which activities in the organization are subdivided into separate jobs Benefits: Greater efficiency and lower costs Costs: Human costs when carried too far Job enlargement as a solution
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Element 2: Departmentalization 14 -5 Basis by which jobs are grouped together so that common tasks can be coordinated Common bases: Function Product Geography Process Customer
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Element 3: Chain of Command 14 -6 Unbroken line of authority that extends from the top
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  • Spring '14
  • Chemical element, organizational designs, common organizational designs

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