Ethics in Medicine and Law – Writing Exercises on Ethical Theories – Ella Greer 1) . In your own words, briefly explain four of the seven general prima facie duties that Ross identifies and state how they may be important in relation to a health-care professional’s navigation of ethical issues pertaining to their occupational function. Provide examples. Sir Ross identifies seven prima facie duties that one must consider when making moral deliberation, four of the seven are; gratitude, beneficence, distributive justice and non- malfeasance. Gratitude is after you’ve been aiding you must give thanks. This can be used in many different scenarios; giving thanks to god for light, giving thanks your parents for life or giving thanks to the nurse who cared for your grandpa as he passed away. Gratitude is something all of society benefits from, people like to feel appreciated and without appreciation why would you continue to help someone or other people for that matter if the last person you helped was not thankful. In the biomedical field this can be useful for nurses and doctors feeling as though they’ve done their jobs to the best of their abilities, even if their patient passed away. People can show gratitude to the medical staff by writing simply thanks in the obituary, that’s all it takes for a little bit of appreciation; though the best way is to say thanks in person. Beneficence is actively trying to do good; when you see something bad happening you stop the bad and replace it with good. Professionals’ goal is to try and make your life better. Helping people is part of being in the medical profession; you became a doctor because you want to help people. Helping people before the problem arises is the way doctors add beneficence to their job. Giving flu shots as the flu season starts, actively getting checkups annually and taking vitamin pills; all these things are ways doctors help their patients preventing sicknesses. Distributive Justice is the allocation of scarce resources to the proper people or places. Doctors have to be sure they give the right amount of pills to deserving people. They also need to ensure they distribute themselves properly and avoid therapeutic nihilism or overtreatment.
Ethics in Medicine and Law – Writing Exercises on Ethical Theories – Ella Greer
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- Fall '12
- Ethics, Physician, Prima facie, Ella Greer, prima facies