L6 Key Terms - Key Terms and Definitions for Lesson 1...

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Key Terms and Definitions for Lesson 1, COM100 Term Definition (from textbook) Example Human Communication: The process of making sense out of the world and sharing that sense with others by creating meaning through verbal and non-verbal messages A conversation with your significant other Ethics: The beliefs, values, and moral principles by which one determines what is right or wrong “Do unto others as you would have others do unto you.” Source: Originator of a thought or emotion who puts it into a code that can be understood by a receiver Someone who speaks to you Receiver: Person who decodes a message and attempts to make sense out of what the source has encoded Someone you’re speaking to Encoding: A process of translating ideas, feelings, and thoughts into a code You consciously decide what you’re going to say Decoding: A process of interpreting ideas, feelings, and thoughts that have been translated into a code You are trying to understand what someone else is saying Message: Written, spoken, and unspoken elements of communication to which people assign meaning Something you try to say to someone else Channel: Pathway through which messages are sent Speech Noise: Interference—literal, situational, or psychological—that hinders the accurate encoding or decoding of a message You’re trying to talk to someone who is listening to her iPod Feedback: Response to a message You speak; someone answers Context: Physical, historical, and psychological communication environment The “field of meaning”
Interpersonal communication: Communication that occurs simultaneously between two people who attempt to mutually influence each other, usually for the purposes of managing relationships A conversation with your best friend Impersonal communication: Communication that treats people as objects or that responds only to their roles rather than who they are as unique people A memo at the office Intrapersonal communication: How you take in stimuli in the environment or information and make sense out of it; also, thoughts and ideas that you say to yourself Thinking to yourself about any situation Small group communication: The transactive process of creating meaning between from three to 15 people who share a common purpose, feel a sense of belonging to the group, and exert influence on one another You and your family members tell jokes Dyad: A two-person interaction You and a friend Mediated communication: Any communication that is carried out using some channel other than those used in face-to-face communication A video Mass communication: Communication accomplished through a mediated message that is sent to many people at the same time A television program Self: The sum of who a person is; a person’s central inner force Self-concept: A person’s subjective description of who he or she is I am a hard worker.

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