Content 8.2 Military Strategies and Early Atrocities-4.docx...

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Content 8.2 Military Strategies and Early Atrocities A. Military Strategies of the Axis Powers and Allied Countries a. German Strategy i. At the start of 1942, Germany had already conquered most of Western Europe, bombed Great Britain from the air in the Battle of Britain, and continued to advance into the Soviet Union. 1. The Germans fought on two fronts, against Great Britain on one side and the Soviet Union on the other. 2. Just like the Japanese, the Germans needed to end the fighting quickly, before the military and industrial strength of the United States could be directed against them. ii. In an attempt to force Great Britain out of war , the German strategy called for continued air bombing of Great Britain in combination with submarine warfare against merchant ships. 1. At the same time, the German strategy hoped for a quick conquest of the Soviet Union so German could gain access to the Soviet oil fields and free up its army for an invasion of Great Britain. b. Allies Strategy i. The Allies were much better at coordinating their efforts during the war. 1. The military staffs of Great Britain and the United States met many times to coordinate their efforts. 2. The United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union also met on a few occasions to help set strategy for the war. ii. Shortly after the United States entered the war, the Allies agreed on a Defeat Hitler First strategy. 1. This strategy called for focusing the military efforts of the United States and Great Britain on defeating Nazi Germany first, and then focusing on defeating Imperial Japan. 2. Most of America’s military resources were thus targeted and committed to the European front. iii. The Defeat Hitler First strategy did not prevent the Americans from also developing a strategy for the Pacific theatre. 1. The American military developed a strategy it called “island hopping.” 2. This strategy had the American military conduct a series of campaigns to capture Pacific islands, and get closer and closer to Japan.

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