HIST 252 - China Opium Wars and Unequal Treaties - China...

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China Opium Wars and Unequal TreatiesWednesday, February 20, 20131:00 PM2nd Third of Semester:Asian Intelligence, Ideological, and Structural Responses to Problems in 19th and early20th C.Today:China: Opium War(s) + Unequal TreatiesFriday:Taiping RebellionImbalance of Trade, Br. + ChinaDuring the 16th and 17th C. there was a general prosperity which increased theprosperity such that the massive population was late a problem (during the 19th C. foodshortages, for example)The Qing became increasingly corrupt after 1800; age and corruption seems to be aninevitable correlation in empiresTriangular trade occurred between India, China, and BritainoIn India, the Chinese attempted to sell:Iron nails, woolens, knives, scissors, watches, venetian glassThe problem is that the markets for these things becomes quicklysaturated (that is, you only need one pair of scissors)oThe market in China was similar:Scissors, knives, watches, clocks, music boxes, keroseneoWhat did Britain want most from China and India?Tea and pepper respectivelyDuring the ??C the East India Trading Company began trading tea through thecantonsystem, named after the port which Europeans were allowed to trade in India, CantonoHow well did this work?oWhat was the Canton system?The Europeans were restricted to a limited part of the city of Canton;there families could not come with them, all there warehouses and goods hadto be located thereThey had to buy their goods through a guild called theHongTheHongbought a license from the government which allowed them tosell to foreignersIt was a very controlled systemEven though the Chinese bought from the Europeans, they did notneedany of the itemsthey bought, and they felt themselves fairly sufficient and fairly superior to Europeans andeveryone elseThe East India Trading Co. had to paycashfor their tea, their currency was generatedfrom local and regional trade in India, calledcarrying trade (taking goods from port to port)The most important part of this trade was taking India cotton to ChinaIn contrast to the self-sufficiency of China, the Britain hunger for tea in Britain wasinsatiableOne act required a full year's supply of Chinese tea to be kept for the entire country,justin case!

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Term
Spring
Professor
Staff
Tags
Opium Wars, First Opium War, unequal treaties

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