anticolonialism in India and Southeast Asia

anticolonialism in India and Southeast Asia - Samantha Hoff...

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Samantha Hoff History 101 Primary Source paper February 27, 2008 Anticolonialism in India and Southeast Asia During the late nineteenth century, many countries were waking up and demanding independence from their colonial rule. Under the leadership of Mohandas Gandhi, millions of Indians marched, demonstrated, boycotted British goods, and refused to obey the British imposed laws despite their differences in religion, caste status, and education 1 . At first the Vietnamese were accommodating to the imposed French rule and sought a compromise between Western and Vietnamese cultures. Eventually this gave way to revolutionary nationalism during the 1920’s as the Vietnamese became angered over the constant economic exploitation and political oppression 2 . Nationalism was the compelling force that led the people of India and Southeast Asia to rise up against their colonial empires and eventually gain their independence. During his time in South Africa, Gandhi developed his doctrine of Satyagraha, or soul force. He believed that social justice could be achieved through love, non compliance to unjust laws, a willingness to suffer, and conversion of the oppressor as opposed to achieving it through means of violence 3 . He returned home to India in 1915 and by 1920 he was a dominant figure in the Congress Party. He lived a life of poverty and self-imposed chastity; writing letters, 1  Overfield. Anticolonialism in India and Southeast Asia. In 
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anticolonialism in India and Southeast Asia - Samantha Hoff...

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