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THEO 206 quiz 3.docx - THEO 206 quiz 3 Lesson 7:...

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THEO 206 quiz 3Lesson 7: Christianity in the Fourth Century: The Trinitarian (Arian) ControversyThe Persecution of Diocletian -Persecution of Christians by the Roman Emperor Diocletian (303-305AD):destruction of churches, arrests of heads of churches (they would be released if they consented to libations and sacrifices)-Persecution continued until 312AD, even after Diocletian was no long emperor Valerius Licianus Licinius -Died 325-Roman empror from 308-324, elevated to the rank of augustus in 308 by Galerius -Galerius hoped to have him rule the west but since Italy, Africa, and Spain were held by usurper Maxentius, while Constantine reigned in Gaul and Britain, Linicius had to content himself with ruling Pannonia-When Galerius died in 311, Licinius took over Galerius’ Europena dominions-Married Constantine’s half-sister Constantia (313)-Added entire eastern half of empire to his dominion-After accord between the two augusti, Constantine forced Licinius to surrender the provinces of Pannonia and Moesia. Followed by 10 years of uneasy peace in which Licinius built up his army and accumulated a huge reserve of treasure -In 324, Constantine defeated him at Adrianople and again at Chrysopolis, Licinius surrender and was exiled to Thessalonica-Was executed the next year on a charge of attempted rebellion -While agreed in Feb 313, Edict of Milan was officially proclaimed and implemented starting June 5, 313 granting toleration to the Christians and restoring church propertyMarcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius (died 312)-Roman emperor from 306-312. In 307 he took the title augustus -First controlled Italy and Africa but not Spain (controlled by Constantine)-Was killed by Constantine at the Battle of the Milvain Bridge in 312-Because sources from this period reflected propaganda of Constantine, they represent Maxentius as a brutal tyrant, although he stopped the persecution of the Christians-Built a huge basilica, which Constantine renamed after himself, and a temple to his son Romulus in the Roman ForumConstantine (306-338AD)-312AD Battle of the Milvain Bridge: Maxentius (emperor) is killed, Constantine had vision of the cross “In this sign you will conquer”-313AD Edict of Milan (Constantine and Licinius): tolerance towards Christians, Christian symbols appear on the coinage, sentences passed by episcopal tribunals recognized as valid by the state, churches are given the right to inherit property, places of worship multiply, Christians rise to the highest posts in administration, the first restrictivemeasures against pagan practices, the cult of the emperor as in some way “equal of the Apostles”
-The Edict of Milan The Trinitarian Controversy Phase I – Council of Nicaea/First Ecumenical (325AD)-Main actors: Arius (256-336AD), Athanasius of Alexandria (293-373AD) -The controversy: Arius attacks his bishop Alexander of Alexandria in 320 for his formulas, such as “always God, always the Son), Alexander attacks Arius for his

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Term
Fall
Professor
Dr.LucianTurcescu
Tags
Christology, The Bible, Trinity, The Confessions

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