Sociology Terms

Sociology Terms - Sociology Terms Chapter 1 Essence of Sociology Class conflict Marx's term for the struggle between the capitalists who own the

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sociology Terms Chapter 1 – Essence of Sociology Class conflict – Marx’s term for the struggle between the capitalists, who own the means of production, and the proletariat, who do not Conflict perspective – A theoretical perspective that portrays society as always changing and always marked by conflict Deconstructionism – The idea that to understand society, we should deconstruct it, or take it apart, along with anything associated with it Detached observation – A method of observation in which the researcher observes as an outsider, from a distance, without getting involved Economic globalization – The interrelationship among the world’s economies Ethnography – An analysis of people’s lives from their own perspectives Feminist theory – A form of conflict theory that explains human life in terms of the experiences of women (p. 14) Functionalist perspective – A theoretical perspective that focuses on social order Global village – A closely knit community of all the world’s societies Hypothesis – A tentative statement about how various events are related to one another Latent function – A function that is unintended and often unrecognized (p. 13) Macro view – A view that focuses on the large social phenomena of society, such as social institutions and inequality Manifest function – A function that is intended and seems obvious (p. 13) Mechanical solidarity – A form of social cohesion that develops when people do similar work and have similar beliefs and values Micro view – A view that focuses on the immediate social situations in which people interact with one another Organic solidarity – A type of social cohesion that arises when people in a society perform a wide variety of specialized jobs and therefore have to depend on one another Outsourcing – The practice of producing inexpensive products by building factories and hiring workers abroad Participant observation – A method of observation in which the researcher takes part in the activities of the group being studied Patriarchy – A system of domination in which men exercise power over women Secondary analysis – Searching for new knowledge in the data collected earlier by another researcher or a public agency Social consensus – A condition in which most members of society agree on what is god for everybody to have and cooperate to achieve it Social forces – Forces that arise from the society in which we are a part Social integration – The degree to which people are tied to a social group Social marginality – Being excluded from mainstream society Sociological imagination – Mill’s term for the ability to see the impact of social forces on individuals, especially on their private lives Symbolic interactionist perspective – A theoretical perspective that directs our attention to the details of a specific situation and of the interaction between individuals in that situation Theoretical perspective – A set of general assumptions about the nature of society
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC 110 taught by Professor Moskos during the Fall '08 term at Northwestern.

Page1 / 8

Sociology Terms - Sociology Terms Chapter 1 Essence of Sociology Class conflict Marx's term for the struggle between the capitalists who own the

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online