First Hour Exam Review Sheet COMPLETED

First Hour Exam Review Sheet COMPLETED - Government...

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Government 310L—Exma #1 Review p. 1 First Hour Exam Review Sheet Government 310L Professor Andrew Karch Key Terms Federalist Papers —these are the papers that were written in independent journals and news papers that urged the ratification of the US Constitution. Hamilton, Madison, and Richard Morris wrote them. They are used today to help determine “original intent” because they were written for the most part by the people who wrote our Constitution. Articles of Confederation —this is the first governing document of the US. They were considered to be very weak. They had a very weak central government and the powers of the legislature were severely limited. There was no Bill of Rights, no ability to increase/tax at all, no standing army at central government’s control, couldn’t regulate interstate trade or coin a national currency, no judicial branch, and to pass any amendment every state had to agree. Connecticut Compromise —this was reached at the Constitutional Convention between the New Jersey Plan (“Small State” Plan) and the Virginia Plan (“Large State” Plan). This created our “modern” bicameral Congress. This created a stronger national government. It gave us the House (representation based on state pop. & chosen by people directly) and the Senate (equal state representation & chosen by state legislature). Necessary and proper clause —this is established in the Constitution. It says that Congress has the power to “make all laws which shall be ‘ necessary and proper ’ for carrying into execution” its responsibilities. Its also know as the “Elastic Clause.” It has been used in the past to justify many different kinds of congressional actions. The vague language gives congress greater power and more discretion. Electoral College —this is who actually elects the president. It is done through a sort of representative democracy (what we have). We elect the member and then they in turn vote for the president. Makes it so that the winner does not need to have a majority of the popular vote to win the election. This is done in a 2-stage procedure (we elect rep and the rep elects pres). Supremacy clause —this is the clause in the Constitution that said that the “Constitution is the supreme law of the land” therefore anything infringing on it is null and void. This is the foundation for the Supreme Court’s power of judicial review . Three-fifths clause —this is the compromise between the North and the South on how to count slaves in the population for the purpose of representation in the House. The south wanted full and the north didn’t want any. Compromise says that they are counted as 3/5 of a person. In this same compromise they also established that they slave trade would be abolished in 1808. Political culture
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First Hour Exam Review Sheet COMPLETED - Government...

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